Notamacropus greyi Waterhouse, 1845:122

Toolache wallaby, Grey's wallaby, Captain Grey's kangaroo (Gray, 1843:90), Monkeyface (archaic), Onetwo (archaic)

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Halmaturus Greyii Gray, 1843:90 [nomen nudum]; Macropus greyi Waterhouse, 1845:122; Halmaturus greyi Waterhouse, 1845:122; Wallabia greyi Waterhouse, 1845:122

 

Conservation Status

Last Record (wild): 1927 (Dickman, 2007:228)

Last record (captivity): 30 June 1939 (Robinson & Young, 1983); 10 July 1939 ([url=https://archives.samuseum.sa.gov.au/sama1058/1058-01.htm]source[/url]); 1943 (unconfirmed record; Flannery et al., 1990:65-66)

 

IUCN RedList status: Extinct

 

Because it was such a beautiful species, it was extensively hunted for its fur. The last known wild mob lived on Konetta Station, South Australia in 1924 (Finlayson, 1927). And the last known individual of this species was a captive specimen which died at Robe, twenty-six miles north-west of Konetta, in 1939. However, claims of more recent survival exist right up until the early 1970's (Smith & Robinson, 2008).

 

Distribution

South Australia (southeastern) & Victoria, Australia

 

Biology

 

The Western brush wallaby (Macropus irma) is the closest living relative of the Toolache wallaby (Cardillo et al. 2004; Celik et al., 2019) and shares the same characteristic black hands and feet, giving it its other common name of Black-gloved wallaby.

 

Hypodigm

Lectotype: BMNH 43.1.4.42 (adult male) & BMNH 46.3.17.13 (skull) (locality: Coorong, South Australia)

 

MCM D209 (Fisher, 1984:209)

MCM D209a (Fisher, 1984:209)

 

Media

There apparently exists footage of the last captive animal, a female, which has been published as a VHS videotape (Cotton, 1970?) (see here). Stills from this film seem to have been utilized by (Robinson & Young, 1983).

 

Source: Gould, John. (1863). Mammals of Australia. London. [image available here]

 

References

Original scientific description:

Waterhouse, G. R. (1845). A Natural History of the Mammalia. Volume 1, containing the Order Marsupiata or pouched animals. London: Baillière. 553 pp + 20 pls.

 

Other references:

Bowdler, Sandra. (1984). Hunter Hill, Hunter Island. Terra Australis 8: xv + 148 pp.

Burbidge, A.A. & Woinarski, J. 2016. Macropus greyi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T12625A21953169. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T12625A21953169.en. Downloaded on 16 November 2017.

Calaby, J. H. (1971). The current status of Australian Macropodidae. Australian Zoology 16: 17-31.

Calaby, J. H. and Richardson, B. J. (1988). Macropodidae, pp. 60-80. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 5. Mammalia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. x + 273 pp.

Camens, Aaron Bruce and Carey, Stephen Paul. (2013). Contemporaneous Trace and Body Fossils from a Late Pleistocene Lakebed in Victoria, Australia, Allow Assessment of Bias in the Fossil Record. PLoS ONE 8(1): e52957. ["[i]Macropus[/i] cf. [i]greyi[/i]"]

Cardillo, Marcel; Bininda-Emonds, Olaf R. P.; Boakes, Elizabeth and Purvis, Andy. (2004). A species-level phylogenetic supertree of marsupials. J. Zool., Lond. 264: 11-31.

Celik, Mélina et al. (2019). A molecular and morphometric assessment of the systematics of the Macropus complex clarifies the tempo and mode of kangaroo evolution. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 186(3): 793-812. [Abstract]

Cotton, B. C. (1970?). The South Australian toolach wallaby (Macropus greyi) [videorecording]. Published by the Royal Society of South Australia, Field Naturalists' Section.

L. Dawson and T. Flannery. 1985. Taxonomic and phylogenetic status of living and fossil kangaroos and wallabies of the genus Macropus Shaw (Macropodidae: Marsupialia), with a new subgeneric name for the larger wallabies. Australian Journal of Zoology 33(4):473-498.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (2011). Macropus greyi in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Canberra. Available from: https://www.environment.gov.au/sprat . Accessed Sat, 15 Jan 2011 17:29:02 +1100.

Dickman, Christopher. (2007). A Fragile Balance: The Extraordinary Story of Australian Marsupials. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press.

Finlayson, Herbert Hedley. (1927). Observations on the South Australian members of the subgenus 'Wallabia'. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 51: 363-377.

Fisher, Clem T. (1984). Australasian mammal specimens in the collections of Merseyside County Museums. Australian Mammology 7(4): 205-213.

Flannery, Timothy, Kendall, Paula and Wynn-Moylan, Karen. (1990). Australia's Vanishing Mammals: Endangered and Extinct Native Species. Sydney: Reader's Digest Press. 192 pp.

Flannery, Timothy and Schouten, Peter. (2001). A Gap in Nature: Discovering the World’s Extinct Animals. Melbourne: Text Publishing.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Gould, John. (1863). Mammals of Australia. pp. ii. London.

Gould, John. (1973). Kangaroos, with modern commentaries by Joan Dixon. Melbourne: Macmillan. 152 pp. [relevant citation?]

Gray, John Edward. (1843). List of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum. London, The Trustees.

Harfull, Liz. (2013). Almost an Island: The Story of Robe. Wakefield Press. 288 pp.

Harper, Francis. (1945). Extinct and Vanishing Mammals of the Old World. New York, N.Y.: American Committee for International Wildlife Protection, Special Publications 12: 1-850.

Hope, J. H., R. J. Lampert, E. Edmondson, M. J. Smith, and G. F. Van Tets. (1977). Late Pleistocene faunal remains from Seton rock shelter, Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Journal of Biogeography 4(4): 363-385.

Horton, D. R. and Murray, P. (1980). The extinct toolache wallaby (Macropus greyi) from a spring mound in north-western Tasmania. Records of the Queen Victoria Museum, Launceston 71: 1-12.

Hoser, Raymond T. (1991). Endangered Animals of Australia. Mosman, NSW: Pierson & Co. 240 pp. [pp. 210]

Iredale, Tom and Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1934). A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Mem. Aust. Mus. 6: i-xii, 1-122.

Janis, Christine M. (1990). Correlation of cranial and dental variables with dietary preferences in mammals: a comparison of macropodoids and ungulates. Mem. Qd. Mus. 28(1): 349-366.

Johnson, Chris. (2006). Australia's mammal extinctions: a 50 000 year history. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Kirsch, J. A. W., and Calaby, J. H. (1977). The species of living marsupials: An annotated list, pp. 9-26. In: Stonehouse, B. and Gilmore, D. (eds.). The biology of marsupials. University Park Press, Baltimore. 486 pp.

Krefft, Gerard. (1871). The Mammals of Australia, Illustrated by Harriett Scott and Helena Forde for the Council of Education ; With a Short Account of All the Species Hitherto Described. Sydney: Thomas Richards, Government Printer.

Lucas, Arthur Henry Shakespeare and Le Souëf, William Henry Dudley. (1909). The Animals of Australia: Mammals, Reptiles and Amphibians. Melbourne: Whitcombe and Tombs.

Maxwell, S., Burbidge, A.A. and Morris, K. 1996. The 1996 Action Plan for Australian Marsupials and Monotremes. Australasian Marsupial and Monotreme Specialist Group, IUCN Species Survival Commission, Gland, Switzerland.

Menkhorst, P. W. 1995. The mammals of Victoria. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

Ogilby, J. Douglas. (1892). Catalogue of Australian Mammals, with Introductory Notes on General Mammalogy. Australian Museum, Sydney: Catalogue No. 16: viii + 142 pp.

G. J. Prideaux. 2004. Systematics and evolution of the sthenurine kangaroos. In S. W. Awramik, A. Barnosky, J. A. Doyle, M. L. Droser, P. M. Sadler (eds.), UC Publications in Geological Sciences, University of California Press 146:1-623.

Prideaux, G. J., R. G. Roberts, D. Megirian, K. E. Westaway, J. C. Hellstrom, and J. M. Olley. (2007). Mammalian responses to Pleistocene climate change in southeastern Australia. Geology 35: 33-36.

Reed, E. H. and Bourne, S. J. (2000). Pleistocene fossil vertebrate sites of the south east region of South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 124: 61-90.

E. H. Reed and S. J. Bourne. 2009. Pleistocene fossil vertebrate sites of the South East region of South Australia II. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 133(1): 30-40.

Ride, W. D. L. (1970). A Guide to the Native Mammals of Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Roache, M. 2011. The action plan for threatened Australian macropods. WWF-Australia, Sydney.

Robinson, A. C. and Young, M. C. (1983). The Toolache Wallaby Macropus greyi Waterhouse. Department of Environment and Planning Special Publications No. 2. Department of Environment and Planning, Adelaide.

Smith, M. J. (1983). Toolache wallaby Macropus greyi, pp. 234. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Australian Museum Complete Book of Australian mammals. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

Smith, M. J. (1995). Toolache wallaby, Macropus greyi, pp. 339-340. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.

Smith, M. J. and Robinson, A. C. (2008). Toolache Wallaby. In: Van Dyck, S. & R. Strahan, eds. Mammals of Australia, Third Edition. Sydney: Reed New Holland.

Smith, M. J. and Robinson, A. C. (2008). Toolache Wallaby, [i]Macropus greyi[/i], pp. 338-339. In: Van Dyck, S. and Strahan, Ronald (eds.). The Mammals of Australia, third edition. Sydney, Australia: Reed New Holland.

Thomas, Oldfield. (1888). Catalogue of the Marsupialia and Monotremata in the collection of the British Museum (Natural History). London: British Museum (Natural History). xiii + 401 pp, including 33 pls.

Thomas, Oldfield. (1922). A selection of lectotypes of the typical Australian marsupials in the British Museum collection. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 10: 127-128.

Thornback, Jane and Jenkins, Martin (compilers). (1982). The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1: Threatened Mammalian Taxa of the Americas and the Australasian Zoogeographic Region (Excluding Cetacea). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1941). Furred Animals of Australia. Sydney: Angus and Robertson Ltd.

Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1957). Furred Animals of Australia, 6th edition. Sydney: Angus & Robertson. [p. 208-210]

Wakefield, N. A. (1974). "Mammals of Western Victoria". p. 35 in: Proceedings of Symposium the Natural History o f Western Victoria (eds. M.H. Douglas and L. O'Brien, Aust. Inst. Agric. Sci.).

Waterhouse, George Robert. (1846). A Natural History of the Mammalia. Volume 1, Containing the Order Marsupiata or Pouched Animals. London: Hippolyte Baillière. 553 pp + 20 pls.

Wells, Rod T., Moriarty, K. and Williams, D. L. G. (1984). The fossil vertebrate deposits of Victoria Fossil Cave Naracoorte: an introduction to the geology and fauna. The Australian Zoologist 21(4): 305-333.

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.

Wood Jones, F. (1925). The Hair Pattern of a Kangaroo: a Study of Cause and Effect. Journ. of Mammalogy, vi., No. 1, 1925, p. 13.

Wood Jones, F. (1923-1925). Mammals of South Australia. Adelaide.

https://www.petermaas.nl/extinct/community/ebooks/Lydekker1896/handbooktomarsup00lydekk.pdf

ftp://rock.geosociety.org/pub/reposit/2007/2007016.pdf

https://archive.org/stream/MemoirsQueensla28Quee#page/364/mode/2up

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/6298/macropus-greyi-toolache-wallaby

 

<< Back to the Diprotodontia database