Notamacropus greyi Waterhouse, 1845:122

Toolache wallaby, Grey's wallaby, Captain Grey's kangaroo (Gray, 1843:90), Monkeyface (archaic), Onetwo (archaic)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Halmaturus Greyii Gray, 1843:90 [nomen nudum]; Macropus greyi Waterhouse, 1845:122; Halmaturus greyi Waterhouse, 1845:122; Wallabia greyi Waterhouse, 1845:122


Conservation Status


Last record (wild): 1927 (Dickman, 2007:228)

Last record (captivity): 30 June 1939 (Robinson & Young, 1983); 10 July 1939; 1943 (unconfirmed record; Flannery et al., 1990:65-66)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Because it was such a beautiful species, it was extensively hunted for its fur. The last known wild mob lived on Konetta Station, South Australia in 1924 (Finlayson, 1927). And the last known individual of this species was a captive specimen which died at Robe, twenty-six miles north-west of Konetta, in 1939. However, claims of more recent survival exist right up until the early 1970's (Smith & Robinson, 2008).



South Australia (southeastern) & Victoria, Australia


Biology & Ecology

The Western brush wallaby (Macropus irma) is the closest living relative of the Toolache wallaby (Cardillo et al., 2004; Celik et al., 2019) and shares the same characteristic black hands and feet, giving it its other common name of Black-gloved wallaby.



Lectotype: BMNH (adult male) & BMNH (skull) (locality: Coorong, South Australia)


MCM D209 (Fisher, 1984:209)

MCM D209a (Fisher, 1984:209)



There exists footage of the last captive animal, a female, which has been published as a VHS videotape (Cotton, 1970?) (see here). Stills from this film were utilised by (Robinson & Young, 1983).


Source: Gould, John. (1863). Mammals of Australia. London. [image available here]


Source: Wikimedia Commons.


Above: captive Toolache wallaby facing slightly right. Photo by Hedley Herbet Finlayson. Published in (Finlayson, 1927).


Above: Toolache wallaby looking at camera from the side. Photo by Hedley Herbet Finlayson. Published in (Finlayson, 1927). Source:


Above: Toolache wallaby bounding along. Photo by Hedley Herbet Finlayson. Published in (Finlayson, 1927).







Original scientific description:

Waterhouse, G. R. (1845). A Natural History of the Mammalia. Volume 1, containing the Order Marsupiata or pouched animals. London: Baillière. 553 pp + 20 pls.


Other references:

Bowdler, Sandra. (1984). Hunter Hill, Hunter Island. Terra Australis 8: xv + 148 pp.

Burbidge, A. A. and Woinarski, J. (2016). Macropus greyi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T12625A21953169. Downloaded on 16 November 2017.

Calaby, J. H. (1971). The current status of Australian Macropodidae. Australian Zoology 16: 17-31.

Calaby, J. H. and Richardson, B. J. (1988). Macropodidae, pp. 60-80. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 5. Mammalia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. x + 273 pp.

Camens, Aaron Bruce and Carey, Stephen Paul. (2013). Contemporaneous Trace and Body Fossils from a Late Pleistocene Lakebed in Victoria, Australia, Allow Assessment of Bias in the Fossil Record. PLoS ONE 8(1): e52957. ["Macropus cf. greyi"]

Cardillo, Marcel; Bininda-Emonds, Olaf R. P.; Boakes, Elizabeth and Purvis, Andy. (2004). A species-level phylogenetic supertree of marsupials. J. Zool., Lond. 264: 11-31.

Celik, Mélina et al. (2019). A molecular and morphometric assessment of the systematics of the Macropus complex clarifies the tempo and mode of kangaroo evolution. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 186(3): 793-812. [Abstract]

Cotton, B. C. (1970?). The South Australian toolach wallaby (Macropus greyi) [videorecording]. Published by the Royal Society of South Australia, Field Naturalists' Section.

L. Dawson and T. Flannery. 1985. Taxonomic and phylogenetic status of living and fossil kangaroos and wallabies of the genus Macropus Shaw (Macropodidae: Marsupialia), with a new subgeneric name for the larger wallabies. Australian Journal of Zoology 33(4):473-498.

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