Clicky

Burramys parvus Broom, 1896:564

Mountain pygmy possum, Mountain pygmy-possum, Broom's pygmy-possum, Burramys

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

 

 

Conservation Status

Last Record: Holocene

Rediscovered in 1966

IUCN RedList status Critically Endangered

 

Distribution

New South Wales (southern) & Victoria (north-east), Australia

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Broom, R. (1896). On a small fossil marsupial with large grooved premolars. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 10: 563-567.

 

Other references:

Anonymous. (1966). A relict marsupial. Nature 212: 225.

Archer, Michael et al. (2019). The Burramys Project: a conservationist's reach should exceed history's grasp, or what is the fossil record for? Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 374: 20190221.

Bates H. 2016. Assessing environmental correlates of populations of the endangered mountain pygmy-possum (Burramys paruvs) in Kosciuszko National Park, New South Wales, Australia. Ph. D Thesis, University of New South Wales.

Brammall, J. (1994). From sauna to snowfields –from Riversleigh to Kosciusko. A story about Burramys. Riversleigh Notes 23: 2-5.

Broome, L.S. 1995. Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus, pp. 208-210. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney: Reed New Holland. 756 pp.

Broome, L. S. (2001a). Density, home range, seasonal movements and habitat use of the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) at Mt Blue Cow, Kosciuszko National Park. Austral Ecology 26: 275-292.

Broome, L. S. (2001b). Intersite differences in population demography of Mountain Pygmy-possums Burramys parvus Broom (1986–1998): implications for metapopulation conservation and ski resorts in Kosciuszko National Park, Australia. Biological Conservation 102: 309-323.

Broome, L. S. (2008). Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus, pp. 210-212. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition. Reed New Holland, Sydney, Australia.

Broome, Linda et al. (2012). A brief review of the life history of, and threats to, Burramys parvus with a prehistory-based proposal for ensuring that it has a future, pp 114 - 126. In: Lunney, Daniel and Hutchings, Pat (eds.). Wildlife and Climate Change: towards robust conservation strategies for Australian fauna. Mosman, N.S.W.: Royal Zoological Society of NSW.

Broome, L., Dawson, M., Ford, E, Green, K, Little, D. and McElhinney, N. (2005). Re-assessment of Mountain Pygmy possum Burramys parvus population size and distribution of habitat in Kosciuszko National Park. Unpublished report. Biodiversity Conservation Section, DEC, Queanbeyan.

Broome L, Ford F, Dawson M, Green K, Little D, McElhinney N. 2013. Re-assessment of mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus population size and distribution of habitat in Kosciuszko National Park. Australian Zoologist 36:381-403

Broome, L.S. and Geiser, F. (1995). Hibernation in free-living mountain pygmy-possums, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 43: 373-379.

Broome, L.S. and Mansergh, I.M. (1989). The mountain pygmy possum Burramys parvus (Broom) an alpine endemic. Pp. 241–264 in Good, R. (ed.) The scientific significance of the Australian Alps. The proceedings of the First Fenner Conference on the environment, Canberra, September 1988. Australian Alps National Parks Liaison Committee: Canberra.

Calaby, J. H. (1983). Mountain pygmy-possum Burramys parvus, pp. 168–69. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Australian Museum Complete Book of Australian Mammals. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

Calaby, J. H., Dimpel, H. and Cowan, I. McT. (1971). The mountain pigmy possum Burramys parvus Broom (Marsupialia), in the Kosciusko National Park, New South Wales. CSIRO Division of Wildlife Research Technical Paper No. 23: 1-11.

Carrick, N. (1967). Pygmy Possum. Pacific Discovery 20(6): 15.

Caughley, J. (1986). Distribution and abundance of the mountain pygmy-possum, [i]Burramys parvus[/i] Broom, in the Kosciusko National Park. Australian Wildlife Research 13: 507–516. [507-517?]

Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. (2009). Assessment of Australia’s Terrestrial Biodiversity 2008. Report prepared by the Biodiversity Assessment Working Group of the National Land and Water Resources Audit for the Australian Government, Canberra.

Department of Sustainability and Environment. (2008). Impacts of climate change on the biodiversity of the Victorian alps. case study prepared for the National Land & Water Resources Audit, Canberra ACT.

Dimpel, H. (1976). [i]Burramys[/i] on Mount Kosciusko. Parks and Wildlife 1: 156-158.

Dimpel, H. and Calaby, J. H. (1972). Further observations on the mountain pigmy possum (Burramys parvus). Victorian Naturalist 89: 101-106.

Dixon, J. M. (1971). Burramys parvus Broom (Marsupialia) from Falls Creek area of the Bogong High Plains, Victoria. Victorian Naturalist 86: 133-138.

Epstein, June. (1981). The friends of Burramys. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Flannery, Timothy. (1990). Australia's Vanishing Mammals: Endangered and Extinct Native Species. Sydney: RD Press. 192 pp.

Fleming, M. (1980). Mountain pygmy possum Burramys parvus. Parks and Wildlife (N.S.W.) August 1980: 66–67.

Fleming, M. R. (1985). The thermal physiology of the mountain pygmy-possum Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae). Australian Mammalogy 8: 79-90.

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.030-0.082 kg estimate]

Garnett, Stephen T., Latch, Peter, Lindenmayer, David B. and Woinarski, John C. Z. (eds.). (2018). Recovering Australian Threatened Species: A Book of Hope. CSIRO Publishing. 360 pp.

Geiser, F. and Broome, L. S. (1991). Hibernation in the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus (Marsupialia). Journal of Zoology (London) 223: 593-602.

Geiser, F. & Broome, L.S. 1993. The effect of temperature on the pattern of torpor in a marsupial hibernator. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 163: 133-137.

Geiser, F., Sink, H.S., Stahl, B., Mansergh, I.M. and Broome, L.S. (1990). Differences in the physiological response to cold in wild and laboratory-bred mountain pygmy possums, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia). Australian Wildlife Research 17: 535–539.

Gibson, R. (2007). The role of diet in driving population dynamics of the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus, in Kosciuszko National Park. Honour's Thesis, Division of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra.

Gibson R, Broome L. 2014. Dietary analysis of the endangered mountain pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus): recommendations for rehabilitation works and major disturbance sites in Happy Jacks Valley. NSW: National Parks.

Gibson R, Broome L, Hutchinson MF. 2018. Susceptibility to climate change via effects on food resources: the feeding ecology of the Endangered Mountain Pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus) Wildlife Research 45:539-550.

Gullan, P. and Norris, K. (1984). The habitat of Burramys parvus (Broom) in Victoria. Pp. 417–21 in Smith, A. and Hume, I. (eds) Possums and Gliders. Surrey Beatty & Sons and Australian Mammal Society : Sydney.

Gunson, M.M., Sharman, G.B. and Thomson, J.A. (1968). The affinities of Burramys (Marsupialia: Phalangeroidea) as revealed by a study of its chromosomes. Australian Journal of Science 31: 40–1.

Hayman, D.L. and Mansergh, I. (1984). Studies of the sex chromosomes of Burramys parvus Broom (Marsupialia:Burramyidae). Australian Mammalogy 7(3): 179-180.

Hawke T, Bates H, Hand S, Archer M, Broome L. (2019). Dietary analysis of an uncharacteristic population of the Mountain Pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus) in the Kosciuszko National Park, New South Wales, Australia. PeerJ 7: e6307.

Heinze, Dean A. (2005). Burramys parvus - Mountain Pygmy-possum. SPRAT Profile, Commonwealth Department of Sustainahility, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, www.environment.gov.au/cgi-hin/spra t/puhlic/puhlicspecies,pl?taxon_id=267#sprat_profile. Accessed 1 September 2013.

Heinze, D., Broome, L. and Mansergh, I. (2004). A review of the ecology and conservation of the mountain pygmy-possum Burramys parvus, pp. 254-267. In: R. L. Goldingay and S. M. Jackson (eds), The Biology of Australian Possums and Gliders. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton, Oxford, UK.

Heinze, D. A. and Olejniczak, A. M. (2000). First observations of the mountain pygmy-possum Burramys parvus nesting in the wild. Australian Mammalogy 22(1): 65-67. [Abstract]

Heinze, D. and Williams, L. (1998). The discovery of the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus on Mount Buller, Victoria. Victorian Naturalist 115: 132-134.

Holz, P. 2002. Restraint and anesthesia of possums (Diprotodontia: Burramyidae, Pseudocheiridae, Petauridae, Tarsipedidae, Acrobatidae) In: D. Heard (ed.) Zoological Restraint and Anesthesia. International Veterinary Information Service (www.ivis.org), Ithaca, New York, USA.

Hope, J. (1982). Fossil vertebrates from Womheyan Caves. Sydney Speleobgical Societ:y Occasional Paper 8: 155.

Hoser, Raymond T. (1991). Endangered Animals of Australia. Mosman, NSW: Pierson & Co. 240 pp. [pp. 216-217]

Hunter, S. (1992). Attempts at breeding the mountain pygmy-possum at Healesville sanctuary. Thylacinus 17(4): 2-4.

Kerle, J.A. 1984. The behaviour of Burramys parvus Broom (Marsupialia) in captivity. Mammalia 48: 317-325.

Kirsch, I.A.W. (1968). The serological affinities of Burramys and related possums (Marsupialia: Phalangeroidea). Australian Journal of Science 31: 43-45.

Körtner, G. and Geiser, F. (1995). Effect of photoperiod and ambient temperature on activity patterns and body weight cycles of mountain pygmy-possums, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia). Journal of Zoology 235: 311-322.

Körtner, G. and Geiser, F. (1998). Ecology of natural hibernation in the marsupial Mountain Pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus). Oecologia 113: 170-178.

Lane, E. A. and Richards, A. M. (1967). Burramys parvus Broom, a living fossil. Helictite 5(2): 30-34.

Lindenmayer, D.B. & Cunningham, R.B. 1997. Patterns of co-occurrence among marsupials in the forests of central Victoria, southeastern Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 22: 340-346.

Mahoney, J. A. and Ride, W. D. L. (1975). Index to the genera and species of fossil Mammalia described from Australia and New Guinea between 1838 and 1968. Western Australian Museum Special Publication 6: 1-250.

Mansergh, I. (1983). Attempts to locate the mountain pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus) in the Mt. Hotham – Bogong High Plains area, 1982–1983. Technical Report Series No. 6, Arthur Rylah Instititute of Environmental Research, Department of Conservation, Forestry and Lands, Victoria 29 pp.

Mansergh, I. M. (1984a). The mountain pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus), (Broom): a review. Pp. 413–16 in Smith, A. and Hume, I. (eds) Possums and Gliders. Surrey Beatty & Sons and Australian Mammal Society : Sydney.

Mansergh, I. M. (1984b). Ecological studies and conservation of Burramys parvus. Pp. 545–52 in Smith, A. and Hume, I. (eds) Possums and Gliders. Surrey Beatty & Sons and Australian Mammal Society: Sydney.

Mansergh I.M. 1988. The ecology and conservation of the Mountain Pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus) in Victoria with comparisons to New South Wales. PhD Thesis, La Trobe University, Victoria (unpublished).

Mansergh, I., Baxter, B., Scotts, D., Brady, T. and Jolley, D. (1990). Diet of the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) and other small mammals in the alpine environment at Mt Higginbotham, Victoria. Australian Mammalogy 13(2): 167-177.

Mansergh, Ian M. and Broome, Linda S. (1994). The Mountain Pygmy-possum of the Australian Alps. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press. 114 pp.

Mansergh, I., Kelly, E and Johnson, G. (1991). Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus. Flora and Fauna Guarantee Action Statement No. 2, Department of Conservation and Environment, Melbourne.

Mansergh, I. M., Kelly, P. and Scotts, D. J. (1989). Management strategy and guidelines for the conservation of the Mountain Pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus) in Victoria. Arthur Rylah Institute Environmental Research Technical Report No. 66. Melbourne: Department of Conservation, Forests and Lands.

Mansergh, I.M. and Scotts, D.J. (1986). Winter occurrence of the mountain pigmy possum Burramys parvus (Broom) (Marsupialia: Burramyidae), on Mt Higginbotham, Victoria. Australian Mammalogy 9: 35–42.

Mansergh, I.M. and Scotts, D.J. (1989). Habitat continuity and social organization of the mountain pygmy-possum restored by tunnel. Journal of Wildlife Management 53: 701–707.

Mansergh, I. and Scotts, D. (1990). Aspects of the life history and breeding biology of the mountain pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus, (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) in alpine Victoria. Australian Mammalogy 13(2): 179-191.

Mansergh, I.M. and Walsh, N.G. (1983). Observations on the mountain pygmy possum, Burramys parvus, on Mt Higginbotham, Victoria. Victorian Naturalist 100: 106-15.

Maxwell, S., Burbidge, A.A. and Morris, K. 1996. The 1996 Action Plan for Australian Marsupials and Monotremes. Australasian Marsupial and Monotreme Specialist Group, IUCN Species Survival Commission, Gland, Switzerland.

McCarthy, M.A. and Broome, L.S. 2000. A method for validating stochastic models of population viability: a case study of the Mountain Pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus). Journal of Animal Ecology 69: 599-607.

Menkhorst, P., Broome, L. & Driessen, M. (2008). Burramys parvus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 21 October 2012.

Menkhorst P, Broome L, Heinze D, Mansergh I, Watson K, Hynes E. 2013. National recovery plan for the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus. Melbourne: Department of Environment and Primary Industries.

Meredith, Robert W., Westerman, Michael and Springer, Mark S. (2009). A phylogeny of Diprotodontia (Marsupialia) based on sequences for five nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51: 554-571.

Mitrovski, P., Heinze, D.A., Hoffmann, A.A. & Weeks, A.R. (2007). High levels of variation despite genetic fragmentation in populations of the endangered mountain pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus, in alpine Australia. Molecular Ecology 16: 75–87.

Mitrovski P, Hoffmann AA, Heinze DA et al (2008). Rapid loss of genetic variation in an endangered possum. Biol Lett 4: 134-138.

NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. (2002). Approved Recovery Plan for the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus. New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville, New South Wales.

O'Brien, M. and Gowans, R.M.. (1985). The distribution of boulder streams and Podocarpus heath, components of the preferred habitat of Burramys parvus, in alpine and sub-alpine areas of eastern Victoria. Department of Conservation, Forestry and Lands, Victoria. Arthur Rylah Institute of Environmental Research Technical Report Series No. 8: 1–22 + maps on fiche.

O'Reilly, H.M. and Willig, R. (1986). Daily pattern of activity of a captive Mountain Pygmypossum, Burramys parvus (Broom)(Marsupialia: Burramyidae). Australian Mammalogy 9: 53–55.

Osborne, M. J., Norman, J. A. Christidis, L. and Murray, N. D. (2000). Genetic distinctness of isolated populations of an endangered marsupial, the mountain pygmy-possum, Burramys parvu. Molecular Ecology 9: 609-613.

Phillips, Nicky. (2013). Scientists look to past to save possum's future. The Sydney Morning Herald. Available at: https://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/scientists-look-to-past-to-save-possums-future-20130323-2gmk1.html#ixzz2OPsej7yw [Accessed 24 March 2013]

Ride, W. D. L. (1956). The affinities of Burramys parvus Broom a fossil phalangeroid marsupial. Proz. Zool. Soc. Lond. 127: 413-429.

Ride, W. D. L. (1960). The fossil mammalian fauna of the [i]Burramys parvus[/i] breccia from the Wombeyan Caves, New South Wales. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 43: 74-80.

Ride, W. D. L. (1970). A Guide to the Native Mammals of Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. [pp. 14-17]

Schulz, M. (2011). Targeted Mountain Pygmy-possum survey in proposed rehabilitation areas, Happy Jacks Valley, January 2011. Unpublished report to Assets, Roads and Rehabilitation Unit, DECCW, Tumut. Australian Museum Business Services, Sydney.

Schulz, Martin, Wilks, Gabriel and Broome, Linda. (2012a). An uncharacteristic new population of the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus in New South Wales. Australian Zoologist 36(1): 22-28.

Schulz M, Wilks G, Broome L. 2012b. Occupancy of spoil dumps by the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus in Kosciuszko National Park. Ecological Management and Restoration 13:290-296

Seebeck, J. and Morcombe, M. K. (1967). Rediscovery of two "extinct" marsupials. Animals 10(6): 271-274.

Shi H, Paull D, Broome L, Bates H. 2015. Microhabitat use by mountain Pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus): implications for the conservation of small mammals in alpine environments. Austral Ecology 40:528-536.

Simmons, Marion. (2008). AUGUST 5 - DEAN HEINZE - MOUNTAIN PYGMY POSSUM, VICTORIA. The Launceston Naturalist 41(6): [pagination?].

Slater, G. (1987). Maintaining the mountain pygmy-possum Burramys parvus in captivity at Healesville Sanctuary. Thylacinus 12(4): 2-5.

Smith, A. P. and Broome, L. (1992). The effects of season, sex and habitat on the diet of the mountain pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus). Wildlife Research 19: 755-768.

Theden-Ringl, Fenja et al. (2020). Characterizing Environmental Change and Species’ Histories from Stratified Faunal Records in Southeastern Australia: A Regional Review and a Case Study for the Early to Middle Holocene. Records of the Australian Museum 72(5): 207-223.

Thomas, D.E. (1982). Notes on the behaviour of the mountain pygmy possum Burramys parvus in captivity. Pp. 85–86 in Evans, D.D. (ed.) The management of Australian mammals in captivity. Proceedings of the Scientific Meeting of the Australian Mammal Society, Healesville, Victoria, February 1979. Zoological Board of Victoria : Melbourne.

Troughton, E. le G.(1968). Broom's pygmy possum. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1966-67: 20-4.

Turner, Vivienne and McKay, G. M. (1989). "27. Burramyidae". In Walton, D.W. and Richardson, B. J. (eds). Fauna of Australia, Volume 1B: Mammalia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.

Wakefield, N. A. (1960). Recent mammal bones in the Buchan district - L Victorian Naturalist 77: 164-178.

Warneke, R. M. (1967a). Discovery of a living Burramys. Bull. Aust. Mamm. Soc. 2: 94-95.

Wakefield, N.A. 1967b. Mammal bones in the Buchan district. Victorian Naturalist 84: 211-214.

Wakefield, N.A. 1972. Palaeoecology of fossil mammal assemblages for some Australian caves. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 85: 1-26.

Warneke, R.M. 1967. Discovery of a living Burramys. Bulletin of the Australian Mammal Society 2: 94-95.

Youdan T. 2006. The effect of fire on diet and pollen loads of the Mountain Pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus) and the Bush Rat (Rattus fuscipes) Honours thesis, La Trobe University.

https://www.northerndailyleader.com.au/story/5378199/love-tunnel-built-to-help-possums-mate/

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/3124/burramys-parvus-mountain-pygmy-possum

 

<< Back to the Diprotodontia (Kangaroos, Wallabies, Wombats, Possums etc.) database