Sthenurus oreas De Vis, 1895
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
Synonym/s: Procoptodon oreas De Vis, 1895; Simosthenurus oreas De Vis, 1895
Last record: Late Pleistocene
Anatomy & Morphology
It weighed an estmated 50kg (Johnson & Prideaux, 2004:557) or 100kg (Johnson, 2006:19).
Biology & Ecology
It was a browser or mixed feeder (Johnson, 2006:19).
F31026 (Dawson, 1985:66)
Original scientific description:
De Vis, Charles W. (1895). A review of the fossil jaws of the Macropodidae in the Queensland Museum. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. W. (2) 10: 75-133, pIs 14-18.
Archer, Michael "Mike". (1978). Quaternary vertebrate faunas from the Texas Caves of southeastern Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 19(1): 61-109.
Bartholomai, Alan. (1977). The fossil vertebrate fauna from Pleistocene deposits at Cement Mills, Gore, Southeastern Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 18(1): 41-51.
Dawson, Lyndall. (1985). Marsupial fossils from Wellington Caves, New South Wales; the historic and scientific significance of the collections in the Australia Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 37(2): 55-69.
Dawson, L. and Augee, M. L. (1997). The late Quaternary sediments and fossil cave vertebrate fauna from Cathedral Cave, Wellington Caves, New South Wales. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 117: 51-78.
Johnson, Chris N. (2006). Australia's Mammal Extinctions: A 50 000 Year History. Port Melbourne, Victoria: Cambridge University Press. x + 278 pp. [p. 19]
Johnson, Chris N. and Prideaux, Gavin J. (2004). Extinctions of herbivorous mammals in the late Pleistocene of Australia in relation to their feeding ecology: no evidence for environmental change as cause of extinction. Australian Ecology 29: 553-557. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.2004.01389.x
Mahoney, J. A. and Ride, W. D. L. (1975). Index to the genera and species of fossil Mammalia described from Australia and New Guinea between 1838 and 1968. Western Australian Museum Special Publication 6: 1-250.
Prideaux, Gavin J. (2004). Systematics and evolution of the sthenurine kangaroos. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 146:i±xviii, 1±623.
Tedford, R. H. (1966). A review of the macropodid genus Sthenurus. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 57: 1-72.