Procoptodon pusio Owen, 1874



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Halmaturus thomsonii Krefft, 1870


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Anatomy & Morphology

It weighed an estimated 75kg (Johnson & Prideaux, 2004:557; Johnson, 2006:19).


Biology & Ecology

It was a browser or mixed feeder (Johnson, 2006:19).



QMF44648 ("dentary")

F19654 (Dawson, 1985:66)






Original scientific description:

Owen, R. (1874). On the fossil mammals of Australia". Part IX. Family Macropodidae; Genera Macropus, Pachysiagon, Leptosiagon, Procoptodon, and Palorchestes. Phi!. Trans. R. Soc. 164 : 783-803, pls 76-83.


Other references:

Armand, L., Ride, W. D. L. and Taylor, G. (2000). The stratigraphy and palaeontology of Teapot Creek, MacLaughlin River, NSW. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 122: 101-121.

Davis, A. C. and Ride, W. D. L. (2000). Procoptodon Owen, 1874 (Mammalia, Marsupialia) and the specific names P. rapha Owen, 1874 and P. pusio Owen, 1874: proposed conservation. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 57: 103-107.

Dawson, Lyndall. (1985). Marsupial fossils from Wellington Caves, New South Wales; the historic and scientific significance of the collections in the Australia Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 37(2): 55-69.

Johnson, Chris N. (2006). Australia's Mammal Extinctions: A 50 000 Year History. Port Melbourne, Victoria: Cambridge University Press. x + 278 pp. [p. 19]

Johnson, Chris N. and Prideaux, Gavin J. (2004). Extinctions of herbivorous mammals in the late Pleistocene of Australia in relation to their feeding ecology: no evidence for environmental change as cause of extinction. Australian Ecology 29: 553-557.

Mahoney, J. A. and Ride, W. D. L. (1975). Index to the genera and species of fossil Mammalia described from Australia and New Guinea between 1838 and 1968. Western Australian Museum Special Publication 6: 1-250.

Marcus, L. F. 1976. The Bingara Fauna: a Pleistocene vertebrate fauna from Murchison County, New South Wales, Australia. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 114:1-145.

Molnar, R. E. and Kurz, C. (1997). The distribution of Pleistocene vertebrates on the eastern Darling Downs, based on the Queensland Museum collections. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 117: 107-133.

Price, Gilbert J. and Sobbe, I. H. (2005). Pleistocene palaeoecology and environmental change on the Darling Downs, southeastern Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 51(1): 171-201. [subfossil remains from Darling Downs, Queensland]

Prideaux GJ (2004) Systematics and Evolution of the Sthenurine Kangaroos, University of California Publications in Geological Sciences(Univ of California Press, Berkeley, CA), Vol. 146.


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