Notamacropus greyi Waterhouse, 1845:122

Toolache wallaby, Grey's wallaby, Captain Grey's kangaroo (Gray, 1843:90), Monkeyface (archaic), Onetwo (archaic)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Macropus (Halmaturus) greyi Gray, 1843:90 [nomen nudum]; Macropus (Halmaturus) greyi Waterhouse, 1845:122 (basionym); Halmaturus greyi (Waterhouse, 1845:122); Wallabia greyi (Waterhouse, 1845:122)


Conservation Status


Last record (wild): 1927 (Dickman, 2007:228; Fisher & Blomberg, 2012); 1943 (unconfirmed record; Flannery et al., 1990:65-66); early 1970's (reliable reports) (Smith & Robinson, 2023:366)

Last record (captivity): 30 June 1939 (Robinson & Young, 1983; Smith & Robinson, 2023:366); 10 July 1939?

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Because it was such a beautiful species, it was extensively hunted for its fur. The last known wild mob lived on Konetta Station, South Australia in 1924 (Finlayson, 1927). And the last known individual of this species was a captive specimen which died at Robe, twenty-six miles north-west of Konetta, in 1939. However, claims of more recent survival exist right up until the early 1970's (Smith & Robinson, 2008).



South Australia (southeastern) & Victoria, Australia

Type locality: Coorong, South Australia (Calaby & Richardson, 1988:68)


Anatomy & Morphology

Body mass: 13kg (Johnson & Prideaux, 2004:557) or 15,000gm (Johnson, 2006:169).


Biology & Ecology

The Western brush wallaby (Macropus irma) is the closest living relative of the Toolache wallaby (Cardillo et al., 2004; Celik et al., 2019) and shares the same characteristic black hands and feet, giving it its other common name of Black-gloved wallaby.


"Ecology: temperate, gregarious, terrestrial, folivore, tussock grassland"

(Calaby & Richardson, 1988:68)



Lectotype: BMNH (designated by Thomas, 1922:128) / BMNH (skull) (adult male) (Calaby & Richardson, 1988:68)


Other specimens:

MCM D209 (Fisher, 1984:209)

MCM D209a (Fisher, 1984:209)



There exists footage of the last captive animal, a female, which has been published as a VHS videotape (Cotton, 1970?) (see here). Stills from this film were utilised by (Robinson & Young, 1983).


Source: Gould, John. (1863). Mammals of Australia. London. [image available here]


Source: Wikimedia Commons.


Above: captive Toolache wallaby facing slightly right. Photo by Hedley Herbet Finlayson. Published in (Finlayson, 1927).


Above: Toolache wallaby looking at camera from the side. Photo by Hedley Herbet Finlayson. Published in (Finlayson, 1927). Source:


Above: Toolache wallaby bounding along. Photo by Hedley Herbet Finlayson. Published in (Finlayson, 1927).




Above: a photo of the last known individual, a captive female at Robe, SA. Possibly photographed by B.C. Cotton. Source: Robinson & Young, 1983.




Above: a photo of the last known individual, a captive female at Robe, SA. Photographed by B.C. Cotton. Source: Smith & Robinson, 2023:365.



Original scientific description:

Waterhouse, G. R. (1845). A Natural History of the Mammalia. Volume 1, containing the Order Marsupiata or pouched animals. London: Baillière. 553 pp + 20 pls.


Other references:

Bowdler, Sandra. (1984). Hunter Hill, Hunter Island. Terra Australis 8: xv + 148 pp.

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Calaby, J. H. (1971). The current status of Australian Macropodidae. Australian Zoology 16: 17-31.

Calaby, J. H. and Richardson, B. J. (1988). Macropodidae, pp. 60-80. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 5. Mammalia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. x + 273 pp. [p. 68]

Camens, Aaron Bruce and Carey, Stephen Paul. (2013). Contemporaneous Trace and Body Fossils from a Late Pleistocene Lakebed in Victoria, Australia, Allow Assessment of Bias in the Fossil Record. PLoS ONE 8(1): e52957. ["Macropus cf. greyi"]

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