Notamacropus eugenii eugenii (Desmarest, 1817:38)

Tammar wallaby, Tammar, Tamar wallaby, Eugene Island kangaroo, Kangaroo Island wallaby (Wood Jones, 1923:66,67), Scrub wallaby (Wood Jones, 1924:235), Dama wallaby (Wood Jones, 1924:235), Dama pademelon (Wood Jones, 1924:235), wadla (Kaurna (Adelaide); Wyatt, 1879), wadlha (Kaurna (Adelaide), Narunga & Ngadjuri; Tunbridge, 1991:27), yumbulla (Barngarla (Eyre Peninsula); Schürmann, 1844), yumbala (Barngarla (Eyre Peninsula); Tunbridge, 1991:28,61)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Kangurus Eugenii Desmarest, 1817:38; Thylogale eugenii (Desmarest, 1817:38); Macropus Eugenii (Desmarest, 1817:38); Macropus eugenii eugenii (Desmarest, 1817:38); Thylogale eugenii decres Troughton, 1941:194


The subspecies decres may be valid (Jackson & Groves, 2015:157). The introduced population on Kawau island in New Zealand may represent the introduction of a now otherwise extinct (and undescribed) taxon from Australia (Taylor & Cooper, 1999; Jackson & Groves, 2015:157).


Conservation Status

Rediscovered in 1964

IUCN RedList status: Least Concern



South Australia (mainland)

Type locality: "St Peter's Isl., Nuyt's Arch., S.A. (as île Eugene, Josephine Arch.)" (Calaby & Richardson, 1988:65)

Type locality (decres): "Kangaroo Island, S.A." (Calaby & Richardson, 1988:66)


Anatomy & Morphology



Biology & Ecology

"Ecology: temperate, terrestrial, territorial, nocturnal, folivore, open heath, open forest, open scrub, woodland."

(Calaby & Richardson, 1988:66)



"Type data: status unknown, whereabouts unknown" (Calaby & Richardson, 1988:65)


Syntypes (decres):

AM M2820 (male, young adult; skin & skull) (Calaby & Richardson, 1988:66)

AM M2821 (male, young adult; skin & damaged skull) (Calaby & Richardson, 1988:66)

AM M5322 (adult female; skin & skull) (Calaby & Richardson, 1988:66)

AM S1808 (male, young adult; skull) (Calaby & Richardson, 1988:66)

AM S1809 (male, young adult; skull) (Calaby & Richardson, 1988:66)


Other specimens:

SAM M4692 (Tunbridge, 1991:13)






Original scientific description:

Desmarest, A. G. (1817). Nouveau Dictionnaire d'Histoire Naturelle appliquée aux arts, à l'agriculture, à l'économie rurale et domestique, à la médecine etc. Par une société de naturalistes et d'agriculteurs, Nouv. Édn presqu' antièrement refondue et considérablement augmentée. Paris: Deterville Tom. 17.


Other references:

Calaby, J. H. and Richardson, B. J. (1988). Macropodidae, pp. 60-80. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 5. Mammalia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. x + 273 pp. [p. 65-66]

Celik, Mélina et al. (2019). A molecular and morphometric assessment of the systematics of the Macropus complex clarifies the tempo and mode of kangaroo evolution. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 186(3): 793-812. [Abstract]

Copley P.B., Tideman J. and Copley B.J. 1984. Flora and fauna. Pp. 17-38 in R.M. Patterson and E.L. Price From stumps to stubble: a history of the District of Bute. District Council of Bute, Bute.

Eldridge, M. D. B., Miller, E. J., Neaves, L. E., Zenger, K. R. and Herbert, C. A. (2017). Extensive genetic differentiation detected within a model marsupial, the tammar wallaby (Notamacropus eugenii). PLoS ONE 12(3): e0172777.

Glauert, Ludwig. (1933). The distribution of the marsupials in Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 19: 17-32.

Hinds, L. A. and Herbert, C. A. (2023). Tammar Wallaby, Notamacropus eugenii, pp. 362-364. In: Baker, Andrew M. and Gynther, Ian C. (eds.). Strahan’s Mammals of Australia (4th ed.). Wahroonga, NSW: Reed New Holland Publishers. 848 pp.

Inns, R. W. (1980). Ecology of the Tammar, Macropus eugenii (Desmarest) in Flinders Chase National Park, Kangaroo Island. PhD thesis, University of Adelaide, Adelaide.

Iredale, Tom and Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1934). A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Mem. Aust. Mus. 6: i-xii, 1-122.

Jackson, Stephen and Groves, Colin. (2015). Taxonomy of Australian Mammals. Clayton South, Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing. 529 pp. [p. 157]

Janis, Christine M. (1990). Correlation of cranial and dental variables with dietary preferences in mammals: a comparison of macropodoids and ungulates. Mem. Qd. Mus. 28(1): 349-366.

Johnson, Chris N. and Prideaux, Gavin J. (2004). Extinctions of herbivorous mammals in the late Pleistocene of Australia in relation to their feeding ecology: no evidence for environmental change as cause of extinction. Australian Ecology 29: 553-557.

Macrini, Thomas E. et al. (2023). Development of the ethmoid in a wallaby and implications for the homology of turbinal elements in marsupials. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.

Maxwell, S., Burbidge, A.A. and Morris, K. 1996. The 1996 Action Plan for Australian Marsupials and Monotremes. Australasian Marsupial and Monotreme Specialist Group, IUCN Species Survival Commission, Gland, Switzerland.

McDowell, Matthew C. (1997). Taphonomy and palaeoenvironmental interpretation of a late Holocene deposit from Black’s Point Sinkhole, Venus Bay, SA. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 117: 79-95.

Morris, K., Friend, T., Burbidge, A. and van Weenen, J. (2008). Macropus eugenii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 07 May 2015.

Nasrullah, Qamariya, Renfree, Marilyn and Evans, Alistair R. (2022). From Embryo to Adult: The Complete Development and Unusual Replacement of the Dentition of the Tammar Wallaby (Macropus eugenii). Journal of Mammalian Evolution.

Ogilby, J. Douglas. (1892). Catalogue of Australian Mammals, with Introductory Notes on General Mammalogy. Australian Museum, Sydney: Catalogue No. 16: viii + 142 pp.

Poole W.E., Wood J.T. and Simms N.G. 1991. Distribution of the Tammar, Macropus eugenii, and the relationships of populations as determined by cranial morphometrics. Wildlife Research 18, 625-639.

Saunders G.M. and St John B.J. 1986. Initial search for rare macropods on the Eyre Peninsula. Department of Environment and Planning, Adelaide.

Schürmann, C. W. (1844). Vocabulary of the Parnkalla Language Spoken by the Natives Inhabiting the Western Shores of Spencer's Gulf etc. Adelaide: Thomas.

Short, Jeff and Calaby, John. (2001). The status of Australian mammals in 1922 - collections and field notes of museum collector Charles Hoy. Australian Zoologist 31(4): 533-562.

Smith, M. J. and Hinds, L. (1995). Tammar Wallaby, Macropus eugenii, pp. 329-331. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.

Taylor, A. C. and Cooper, D. W. (1999). Microsatellites identify introduced New Zealand tammar wallabies (Macropus eugenii) as an ‘extinct’ taxon. Animal Conservation 2(1): 41-49. [Abstract]

Thomas, Oldfield. (1888). Catalogue of the Marsupialia and Monotremata in the collection of the British Museum (Natural History). London: British Museum (Natural History). xiii + 401 pp.

Troughton, Elias Le Geyt. (1941). Furred Animals of Australia. Sydney: Angus & Robertson. 374 pp.

Tunbridge, Dorothy. (1991). The Story of the Flinders Ranges Mammals. Kenthurst: Kangaroo Press. 96 pp. [p. 13, p. 19, p. 27, p. 28, p. 61, p. 65-66, p. 92]

Tyndale-Biscoe, C. H. (2005). Life of Marsupials. Canberra: CSIRO Publishing.

Waterhouse, G. R. (1841). Marsupialia, or Pouched Animals (Mammalia, vol. XI). In: Jardine, William (ser. ed.). The Naturalist's Library (vol. XXIV). Edinburgh: W.H. Lizars / London: Henry G. Bohn. xvi + 324 pp.

Wodzicki, K. A. and Flux, J. E. C. (1967). Guide to Introduced Wallabies in New Zealand. Tuatara 15(2): [pagination?].

Wood Jones, Frederic. (1923). The Mammals of South Australia. Part I. The Monotremes and the Carnivorous Marsupials (The Ornithodelphia and didactylous Didelphia). Adelaide: Government Printer. 1: 1-131. [5 April 1923] [p. 66-67 (illustrations of tooth eruption)]

Wood Jones, Frederic. (1924). The Mammals of South Australia. Part II. The Bandicoots and the Herbivorous Marsupials (The syndactylous Didelphia). Adelaide: Government Printer. 2: 132-270. [8 August 1924] [p. 235-239 (species account)]

Wyatt, William. (1879). Some Account of the Manners and Superstitions of the Adelaide and Encounter Bay Aboriginal Tribes, with a Vocabulary of their Languages, Names of Persons and Places, pp. 159-181. In: Woods, J. D. (ed.). The Native Tribes of South Australia. E.S. Wigg & Sons.


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