Burramys parvus Broom, 1896:564

Mountain pygmy possum, Mountain pygmy-possum, Broom's pygmy-possum, Burramys



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: Holocene

Rediscovered in 1966

IUCN RedList status Critically Endangered



New South Wales (southern) & Victoria (north-east), Australia


Biology & Ecology




AM M19609 (Beck et al., 2022:SM19)

AM M9942 (Beck et al., 2022:SM19)

AM M19608 (Beck et al., 2022:SM19)

AM M10745 (Beck et al., 2022:SM19)

AM M36985 (Beck et al., 2022:SM19)

NMV C26924 (Beck et al., 2022:SM19)

NMV C26919 (Beck et al., 2022:SM19)

NMV C26923 (Beck et al., 2022:SM19)

NMV C26928 (Beck et al., 2022:SM19)

NMV C26922 (Beck et al., 2022:SM19)

NMV C31512 (Beck et al., 2022:SM20)

NMV C34790 (Beck et al., 2022:SM20)

NMV C28806 (Beck et al., 2022:SM20)

NMV C26930 (Beck et al., 2022:SM20)

NMV C23826 (Beck et al., 2022:SM20)

NMV C31513 (Beck et al., 2022:SM20)

NMV C22675 (Beck et al., 2022:SM20)

NMV C22692 (Beck et al., 2022:SM20)

NMV C26929 (Beck et al., 2022:SM20)






Original scientific description:

Broom, R. (1896). On a small fossil marsupial with large grooved premolars. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 10: 563-567.


Other references:

Anonymous. (1966). A relict marsupial. Nature 212: 225.

Archer, Michael et al. (2019). The Burramys Project: a conservationist's reach should exceed history's grasp, or what is the fossil record for? Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 374: 20190221.

Bates H. 2016. Assessing environmental correlates of populations of the endangered mountain pygmy-possum (Burramys paruvs) in Kosciuszko National Park, New South Wales, Australia. Ph. D Thesis, University of New South Wales.

Beck, Robin M. D., Voss, Robert S. and Jansa, Sharon A. (2022). Craniodental morphology and phylogeny of marsupials. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 457: 350 pp., 55 figures, 13 tables. [Supplemental Material]

Brammall, J. (1994). From sauna to snowfields –from Riversleigh to Kosciusko. A story about Burramys. Riversleigh Notes 23: 2-5.

Broome, L.S. 1995. Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus, pp. 208-210. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney: Reed New Holland. 756 pp.

Broome, L. S. (2001a). Density, home range, seasonal movements and habitat use of the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) at Mt Blue Cow, Kosciuszko National Park. Austral Ecology 26: 275-292.

Broome, L. S. (2001b). Intersite differences in population demography of Mountain Pygmy-possums Burramys parvus Broom (1986–1998): implications for metapopulation conservation and ski resorts in Kosciuszko National Park, Australia. Biological Conservation 102: 309-323.

Broome, L. S. (2008). Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus, pp. 210-212. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition. Reed New Holland, Sydney, Australia.

Broome, L. S. (2023). Mountain Pygmy Possum, Burramys parvus, pp. 213-215. In: Baker, Andrew M. and Gynther, Ian C. (eds.). Strahan’s Mammals of Australia (4th ed.). Wahroonga, NSW: Reed New Holland Publishers. 848 pp.

Broome, Linda et al. (2012). A brief review of the life history of, and threats to, Burramys parvus with a prehistory-based proposal for ensuring that it has a future, pp 114 - 126. In: Lunney, Daniel and Hutchings, Pat (eds.). Wildlife and Climate Change: towards robust conservation strategies for Australian fauna. Mosman, N.S.W.: Royal Zoological Society of NSW.

Broome, L., Dawson, M., Ford, E, Green, K, Little, D. and McElhinney, N. (2005). Re-assessment of Mountain Pygmy possum Burramys parvus population size and distribution of habitat in Kosciuszko National Park. Unpublished report. Biodiversity Conservation Section, DEC, Queanbeyan.

Broome L, Ford F, Dawson M, Green K, Little D, McElhinney N. 2013. Re-assessment of mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus population size and distribution of habitat in Kosciuszko National Park. Australian Zoologist 36:381-403

Broome, L.S. and Geiser, F. (1995). Hibernation in free-living mountain pygmy-possums, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 43: 373-379.

Broome, L.S. and Mansergh, I.M. (1989). The mountain pygmy possum Burramys parvus (Broom) an alpine endemic. Pp. 241-264 in Good, R. (ed.) The scientific significance of the Australian Alps. The proceedings of the First Fenner Conference on the environment, Canberra, September 1988. Australian Alps National Parks Liaison Committee: Canberra.

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Calaby, J. H., Dimpel, H. and Cowan, I. McT. (1971). The mountain pigmy possum Burramys parvus Broom (Marsupialia), in the Kosciusko National Park, New South Wales. CSIRO Division of Wildlife Research Technical Paper No. 23: 1-11.

Carrick, N. (1967). Pygmy Possum. Pacific Discovery 20(6): 15.

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Dimpel, H. and Calaby, J. H. (1972). Further observations on the mountain pigmy possum (Burramys parvus). Victorian Naturalist 89: 101-106.

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Epstein, June. (1981). The friends of Burramys. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Flannery, Timothy. (1990). Australia's Vanishing Mammals: Endangered and Extinct Native Species. Sydney: RD Press. 192 pp.

Fleming, M. (1980). Mountain pygmy possum Burramys parvus. Parks and Wildlife (N.S.W.) August 1980: 66–67.

Fleming, M. R. (1985). The thermal physiology of the mountain pygmy-possum Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae). Australian Mammalogy 8: 79-90.

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Geiser, F. and Broome, L. S. (1991). Hibernation in the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus (Marsupialia). Journal of Zoology (London) 223: 593-602.

Geiser, F. & Broome, L.S. 1993. The effect of temperature on the pattern of torpor in a marsupial hibernator. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 163: 133-137.

Geiser, F., Sink, H.S., Stahl, B., Mansergh, I.M. and Broome, L.S. (1990). Differences in the physiological response to cold in wild and laboratory-bred mountain pygmy possums, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia). Australian Wildlife Research 17: 535-539.

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Gibson, R. (2007). The role of diet in driving population dynamics of the Mountain Pygmy-possum Burramys parvus, in Kosciuszko National Park. Honour's Thesis, Division of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra.

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Gunson, M.M., Sharman, G.B. and Thomson, J.A. (1968). The affinities of Burramys (Marsupialia: Phalangeroidea) as revealed by a study of its chromosomes. Australian Journal of Science 31: 40–1.

Hayman, D.L. and Mansergh, I. (1984). Studies of the sex chromosomes of Burramys parvus Broom (Marsupialia:Burramyidae). Australian Mammalogy 7(3): 179-180.

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Heinze, D., Broome, L. and Mansergh, I. (2004). A review of the ecology and conservation of the mountain pygmy-possum Burramys parvus, pp. 254-267. In: R. L. Goldingay and S. M. Jackson (eds), The Biology of Australian Possums and Gliders. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton, Oxford, UK.

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Kirsch, I.A.W. (1968). The serological affinities of Burramys and related possums (Marsupialia: Phalangeroidea). Australian Journal of Science 31: 43-45.

Körtner, G. and Geiser, F. (1995). Effect of photoperiod and ambient temperature on activity patterns and body weight cycles of mountain pygmy-possums, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia). Journal of Zoology 235: 311-322.

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Mansergh, I., Baxter, B., Scotts, D., Brady, T. and Jolley, D. (1990). Diet of the Mountain Pygmy-possum, Burramys parvus (Marsupialia: Burramyidae) and other small mammals in the alpine environment at Mt Higginbotham, Victoria. Australian Mammalogy 13(2): 167-177.

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