Antechinomys longicaudata (Spencer, 1909:449)

Long-tailed dunnart, Long-tailed sminthopsis



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Sminthopsis longicaudatus Spencer, 1909:449 (protonym); Sminthopsis longicaudata Spencer, 1909:449 (basionym)


Transferred from the original genus Sminthopsis to Antechinomys by (Westerman et al., 2023).


Conservation Status

Last record: 1935

Rediscovered in 1976 (dead specimen); 1981 (living specimen) (Young, 1981)

IUCN RedList status: Least Concern



Northern Territory & Western Australia, Australia


Biology & Ecology

"Ecology: tall open shrubland, hummock grassland, terrestrial, nocturnal, predator; rocky places."

(Mahoney & Ride, 1988:31)



Holotype: NMV C7803 (male spirit specimen; plus skull) (Mahoney & Ride, 1988:31)

Type locality: "Pilbara and the desert to the east, W.A." (Mahoney & Ride, 1988:31)






Original scientific description:

Spencer, B. (1909). Description of a new species of Sminthopsis. Proc. R. Soc. Vict. (ns) 21: 449-451.


Other references:

Anonymous. (1964). A preliminary list of rare mammals including those believed to be rare but concerning which detailed information is still lacking. IUCN Bulletin 11(Special Supplement): 4 pp.

Anonymous. (1973). Additional protection for rare fauna. S.W.A.N.S. 4(2): 31-33.

Anonymous. (1977). Terrestrial native mammals of Western Australia. S.W.A.N.S. 7(1): 7-8. [a mere listing as being native to WA]

Archer, Michael. (1979). The status of Australian dasyurids, thylacinids and myrmecobiids, pp. 29-43. In: Tyler, Michael J. (ed.). The Status of Endangered Australasian Wildlife. Proceedings of the Centenary Symposium of the Royal Zoological Society of South Australia, Adelaide, 21-23 September, 1978. [pagination is taken from the 1980 reprint, may actually be pp. 23-42?]

Archer, Michael. (1981). Results of the Archbold Expeditions. No. 104. Systematic revision of the marsupial dasyurid genus Sminthopsis Thomas. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 168: 61-224.

Burbidge, Andrew A. and McKenzie, Norman L. (1989). Patterns in the modern decline of western Australia's vertebrate fauna: Causes and conservation implications. Biological Conservation 50(1-4): 143-198.

Burbidge, A. A., McKenzie, N. L., Chapman, A. and Lambert, P. M. (1976). The wildlife of some existing and proposed reserve in the Great Victoria and Gibson Desert, Western Australia. Wildlife Research Bulletin Western Australia 5: 1-16.

Burbidge, A.A., McKenzie, N.L. & Fuller, P.J. 1995. Long-tailed Dunnart Sminthopsis longicaudata. pp. 146-147 in Strahan, R. (ed.). The Mammals of Australia: The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney : Reed New Holland 756 pp.

Burbidge, A. A., McKenzie, N. L. and Fuller, P. J. 2008. Long-tailed Dunnart, Sminthopsis longicaudata. In: Van Dyck, S. and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 148-150. Reed New Holland, Sydney.

Burbidge, A. A., McKenzie, N. L. and Fuller, P. J. (2023). Large Long-tailed Dunnart, Sminthopsis longicaudata, pp. 141-142. In: Baker, Andrew M. and Gynther, Ian C. (eds.). Strahan’s Mammals of Australia (4th ed.). Wahroonga, NSW: Reed New Holland Publishers. 848 pp.

Fisher, Diana O. (2011). Trajectories from extinction: where are missing mammals rediscovered? Global Ecology & Biogeography 20: 415-425. [Appendix S1]

Frith, H. J. (1979). Wildlife Conservation, revised edition. Angus & Robertson. xiv + 416 pp. [p. 302 (table), p. 316 (species account)]

Gibson, L. A. and McKenzie, N. L. (2009). Environmental associations of small land mammals in the Pilbara region, Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. Suppl. 78: 89-120.

Glauert, Ludwig. (1950). The development of our knowledge of the marsupials of Western Australia. J. R. Soc. West. Aust. 34: 115-134 [129, 130].

Henry-Hall, N.J. (1990). Nature conservation reserves in the Eastern Goldfields, Western Australia (southern two-thirds of CTRC System 11). Unpublished report submitted to the EPA Red Book Task Force. Environmental Protection Authority, Perth, Western Australia. [Appendix 13]

Hoser, Raymond T. (1991). Endangered Animals of Australia. Mosman, NSW: Pierson & Co. 240 pp. [pp. 188-189]

Iredale, Tom and Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1934). A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Mem. Aust. Mus. 6: i-xii, 1-122.

Jackson, Stephen and Groves, Colin. (2015). Taxonomy of Australian Mammals. Clayton South, Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing. 529 pp. [p. 71]

Joslin, Paul and Maryanka, Daphne. (1968). Endangered Mammals of the World: Report on Status and Action Treatment. IUCN Publications, New Series, Supplementary Paper No. 13: 34 pp.

Kendrick, George W. and Porter, Jennifer K. (1973). Remains of a Thylacine (Marsupialia: Dasyuroidea) and other fauna from caves in the Cape Range, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 56(4): 116-122.

Mahoney, J. A. and Ride, W. D. L. (1988). Dasyuridae, pp. 14-33. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 5. Mammalia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. x + 273 pp. [p. 31]

McKenzie, N. L., Hall, N. and Muir, W. P. (2000). Non-volant mammals of the Southern Carnarvon Basin. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. Suppl. 61: 479-510.

McKenzie, N. L., Woinarski, J. & Burbidge, A. 2016. Sminthopsis longicaudata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T40545A21948982. Downloaded on 16 February 2017.

Pavey, C. (2002). Long-Tailed Dunnart: Sminthopsis longicaudata. Threatened Species of the Northern Territory.

Pavey, C. (2006). Threatened animals of the Northern Territory. Lond-tailed dunnart Sminthopsis longicaudata.

Ride, W. D. L. (1970). A Guide to the Native Mammals of Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Scott, Peter (ed.). (1965). Preliminary List of Rare Mammals and Birds, pp. 155-237. In: The Launching of a New Ark. First Report of the President and Trustees of the World Wildlife Fund. An International Foundation for saving the world's wildlife and wild places 1961-1964. London: Collins.

Thornback, Jane and Jenkins, Martin (compilers). (1982). The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1: Threatened Mammalian Taxa of the Americas and the Australasian Zoogeographic Region (Excluding Cetacea). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 516 pp.

Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1965). A review of the marsupial genus Sminthopsis (Phascogalinae) and diagnoses of new forms. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89: 307-321.

Westerman, Michael, Umbrello, Linette and Woolley, Patricia A. (2023). On the composition of Antechinomys (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae): how many species? Australian Journal of Zoology 70(3): 95-103.

Woolley, P. A. and Valente, A. (1986). Reproduction in Sminthopsis longicaudata (Marsupialia: Dasyuridae): laboratory observations. Wildl. Res. 13: 7-12.

Young, Clifford. (1981). Rare marsupial captured in Gibson desert. State Wildlife Authority News Service (SWANS) 11(3): 3-6.


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