Quinkana fortirostrum Molnar, 1981



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene (c.38,000 BC?)



Queensland, Australia


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: AM F.57844 ("a cranial rostrum lacking anterior end and teeth" [Molnar, 1981])

Type locality: Tea Tree Cave, near Chillagoe, north Queensland


Possibly referable material:

QM F7898 ("Quinkana sp.")
QM F1152
QMF 57032 ("Quinkana sp.") (Sobbe et al. 2013)
AMF2876 ("Quinkana sp.") (Molnar, 1981)






Original scientific description:

Molnar, Ralph E. (1981). Pleistocene ziphodont crocodilians of Queensland. Rec. Aust. Mus. 33(19): 803-834.


Other references:

Dodson, John et al. (1993). Humans and megafauna in a late Pleistocene environment from Cuddie Springs, north western New South Wales. Archaeology in Oceania 28(2): 94-99.

Hocknull, Scott A. et al. (2020). Extinction of eastern Sahul megafauna coincides with sustained environmental deterioration. Nature Communications 11: 2250.

Molnar, Ralph E. (1985). Quinkana fortirostrum Molnar, 1981: The Quinkan, pp. 160-165. In: Vickers-Rich, Patricia and van Tets, Gerard Frederick. (eds.). Kadimakara: Extinct Vertebrates of Australia. Lilydale, Victoria: Pioneer Design Studio. 284 pp.

Ristevski, Jorgo et al. (2023). Migrations, diversifications and extinctions: the evolutionary history of crocodyliforms in Australasia. Alcheringa.

Roberts, Richard G, Flannery, Timothy F., Ayliffe, Linda, Yoshida, Hiroyuki, Olley, Jon M., Prideaux, Gavin J., Laslett, Geoff M., Baynes, Alexander, Smith, M. A., Jones, Rhys I. and Smith, Barton L. (2001). New ages for the last Australian megafauna: Continent-wide extinction about 46,000 years ago. Science 292(5523): 1888-1892.

Sobbe, Ian H., Price, Gilbert J. and Knezour, Robert A. (2013). A ziphodont crocodile from the late Pleistocene King Creek catchment, Darling Downs, Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum - Nature 56(2): 601-606. [automatic download]

Willis, P. M. A. and Molnar, R. E. (1997). Identification of large reptilian teeth from Plio-Pleistocene deposits of Australia. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 130(3-4): 79-92.


<< Back to the Crocodilians database