Ptilinopus mercierii tristrami Salvadori, 1892:1

Hiva Oa red-moustached fruit dove



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Ptilopus tristrami Salvadori, 1892:1; Ptilinopus tristrami Salvadori, 1892:1


Conservation Status


Last record: 1922 (1980?)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


This species was last collected in 1922, and this is generally believed to have been the last record of the species. However, Hay (1986) reported a sighting from 1980. But this has been called into question (Collar et al. 1994).



Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia


Biology & Ecology




At least 11 specimens are known (BirdLife International, 2012).






Original scientific description:

Salvadori, T. (1892). Descrizione di una specie di Colombo del genere Ptilopus. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino 7(135): 1-3.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2000). Threatened Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge.

BirdLife International. (2012). Ptilinopus mercierii. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 22 September 2012.

BirdLife International. 2016. Ptilinopus mercierii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22691495A93314660. Accessed on 20 June 2022.

Cibois, Alice, Thibault, Jean-Claude, Meyer, Jean-Yves and Pasquet, Eric. (2015). On the origin of sympatric fruit doves in a small and remote Pacific archipelago. Pacific Science 69(3): 299-312.

Collar, N. J.; Crosby, M. J.; Stattersfield, A. J. (1994). Birds to watch 2: the world list of threatened birds. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Gibbs, D., Barnes, E. and Cox, J. (2001). Pigeons and Doves. Robertsbridge, Sussex: Pica Press.

Godino, F. M. J. (2012). Hiva Oa Red-moustached Fruit-Dove. / .Downloaded on Saturday, September 22, 2012.

Hay, R. (1986). Bird conservation in the Pacific Islands. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Holyoak, D. T. and Thibault, J. -C. (1984). Contribution à l'étude des oiseaux de Polynésie orientale. Memoires du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle - Serie A: Zoologie 127: 1-209.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292. [pp. 143-144]

Ripley, S. D. and Birckhead, H. (1942). Birds collected during the Whitney South Sea Expedition. 51. On the fruit-pigeons of the Ptilinopus purpuratus group. Am. Mus. Novit. 1192: 1-14.

Seitre, R. and Seitre, J. (1992). Causes of land-bird extinctions in French Polynesia. Oryx 26: 215-222.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.


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