Ptilinopus arcanus Ripley & Rabor, 1955:1

Negros Fruit dove, Negros fruit-dove



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last (and only) record: 1953 (Martin et al., 2023)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered


There was a possible sighting in 2003 (Szabo et al., 2012).



Negros, Philippines


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Ripley, S. Dillon and Rabor, D. S. (1955). A new fruit pigeon from the Philippines. Postilla Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History 21: 1-2.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012a). Ptilinopus arcanus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 09 July 2012.

BirdLife International. (2012b). Species factsheet: Ptilinopus arcanus. Downloaded from on 09/07/2012.

Brooks, T. M., Evans, T. D., Dutson, G. C. L., Anderson, G. Q. A., Asane, D. C., Timmins, R. J. and Toledo, A. G. (1992). Conservation status of the birds of Negros, Philippines. Bird Conservation International 2(4): 273-302.

Butchart, S. H. M.; Collar, N. J.; Crosby, M. J. & Tobias, J. A. (2005). Asian enigmas: "Lost" and poorly known birds: targets for birders in Asia. Birding Asia 3: 41-49.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Lowe, Stephen, Martin, Rob W., Symes, Andy, Westrip, James R. S. and Wheatley, Hannah. (2018a). Which bird species have gone extinct? A novel quantitative classification approach. Biological Conservation 227: 9-18.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Stattersfield, A. J. and Brooks, T. M. (2006). Going or gone: defining ‘Possibly Extinct’ species to give a truer picture of recent extinctions. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126A: 7-24.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Wheatley, Hannah, Lowe, Stephen, Westrip, James R. S., Symes, Andy and Martin, Rob W. (2018b). Data for: Which bird species have gone extinct? A novel quantitative classification approach. Mendeley Data, V1, doi: 10.17632/vvjhpmyxb4.1

Collar, N. J., Andreev, A. V., Chan, S., Crosby, M. J., Subramanya, S. and Tobias, J. A. (2001). Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. Third edition. Cambridge, U.K.: BirdLife International.

Collar, N. J. and Lambert, F. R. (2013). The elusive Negros Fruit Dove Ptilinopus arcanus sixty years on. BirdingAsia 19: 38-41.

Collar, Nigel J. and Sykes, Brian R. (2009). Lost, found and saved—OBC conservation: the next 25 years. BirdingASIA 11: 41-46.

Gibbs, D., Barnes, E. and Cox, J. (2001). Pigeons and Doves. Robertsbridge, Sussex: Pica Press.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Martin, Thomas E., Bennett, Gareth C., Fairbairn, Andrew J. and Mooers, A. Ø. (2023). ‘Lost’ taxa and their conservation implications. Animal Conservation 26(1): 14-24. [Appendix S2 (1617 taxa not seen >10 years); Appendix S3 (562 taxa not seen >50 years)]

Nash, John A. et al. (2024). Species status and phylogenetic relationships of the enigmatic Negros Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus arcanus). Ibis.

Szabo JK, Khwaja N, Garnett ST, Butchart SHM. (2012). Global Patterns and Drivers of Avian Extinctions at the Species and Subspecies Level. PLoS ONE 7(10): e47080.


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