Pezophaps solitaria Gmelin, 1789:728

Rodrigues solitaire, Rodrigues solitary



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Pezophaps solitarius Gmelin, 1789:728; Didus solitarius Gmelin, 1789:728; Didus nazarenus Bartlett, 1851:284?; Pezophaps minor Strickland, 1852 (1853?)


Conservation Status


Last record: before 1761

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Rodrigues (=Rodriguez), Mascarene Islands


Biology & Ecology




Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa:




Above: Skeleton of Pezophaps solitaria, circa 1870, United Kingdom, maker unknown. Te Papa (O.031153)


Above: the solitaire mistakenly treated as a white dodo. plate 25 from Rothschild (1907). Source: Wikimedia Commons.



Original scientific description:

Gmelin, J. F. (1789). Caroli a Linné, Systema Naturae. Lipsiae: Georg Emanuel Beer.


Other references:

Armstrong, E. A. (1953). Territory and birds. A concept which originated from study of an extinct species. Discovery 1953(July): 223-224.

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Bartlett, A. D. (1851). On some bones of Didus. Proc Zool Soc Lond. 19: 280-284.

BirdLife International. (2012). Pezophaps solitaria. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 17 March 2013.

BirdLife International. 2016. Pezophaps solitaria. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22690062A93259685. Accessed on 02 July 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Byrkjedal, Ingvar, Grønstøl, Gaute and Lislevand, Terje. (2016). Possible resource-defence polygyny in the extinct Rodrigues Solitaire Pezophaps solitaria (Columbidae: Raphini). Ibis 158(1): 199-201.

Cheke, A.S. 1987. An ecological history of the Mascarene Islands, with particular reference to extinctions and introductions of land vertebrates. In: Diamond, A.W. (ed.), Studies of Mascarene island birds, pp. 5-89. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

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