Gallicolumba salamonis (Ramsay, 1882:299)

Thick-billed ground dove



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Alopecoenas salamonis (Ramsay, 1882:299)


Conservation Status


Last record: 5 September 1927 (Hume & Walters, 2012:152)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Makira (= San Cristobal) & Ramos, Solomon Islands


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Ramsay, E. P. (1882). Description of two new birds from the Solomon Islands. Proceedings of the Linnaean Society of New South Wales 7: 299-301.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2000). Threatened Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge.

BirdLife International. (2012). Gallicolumba salamonis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 24 August 2013.

BirdLife International. (2016). Alopecoenas salamonis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22691056A93301654. Downloaded on 23 June 2021.

Buckingham, D. L., Dutson, G. C. L. and Newman, J. L. (1995). Birds of Manus, Kolombangara and Makira (San Cristobal) with notes on mammals and records from other Solomon Islands.

Gibbs, D., Barnes, E. and Cox, J. (2001). Pigeons and Doves: A Guide to the Pigeons and Doves of the World. Robertsbrige, Sussex: Pica Press.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Lees, A. (1991). A protected forests system for the Solomon Islands. Maruia Society, Nelson, New Zealand.

Mittermeier, John C., Dutson, Guy, James, Roger E., Davies, Tammy E., Tako, Reuben and Uy, J. ALbert C. (In Press, 2018). The avifauna of Makira (San Cristobal), Solomon Islands. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology. [Abstract]

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Soares, André E. R. et al. (2016). Complete mitochondrial genomes of living and extinct pigeons revise the timing of the columbiform radiation. BMC Evolutionary Biology 16: 230.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.


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