Gallicolumba leonpascoi Worthy & Wragg, 2003:773

Henderson (Island) ground dove, Henderson ground-dove (Wragg & Weisler, 1994:61)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Gallicolumba n.sp. Wragg, 1995:407


The existence of an undescribed Gallicolumba sp. from Henderson Island, Pitcairn group (i.e. Gallicolumba leonpascoi) was mentioned in the literature by (Schubel & Steadman, 1989:6; Steadman, 1992:342-343; Wragg & Weisler, 1994:61; Wragg, 1995:407) before being officially described in 2003 (Worthy & Wragg, 2003).


Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene



Henderson Island, Pitcairn Group, South Pacific


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: MNZ S40789 ("1L tarsometatarsus")

Type locality: "Henderson Island, Site 5, testpit 2, spit 14"



MNZ S40844 ("1L tarsometatarsus")

MNZ S40839 ("1R tarsometatarsus")


Referred material:

For a detailed list of material referred to Gallicolumba leonpascoi see (Worthy & Wragg, 2003:775,778).






Original scientific description:

Worthy, Trevor H. and and Wragg G. M. (2003). A new species of Gallicolumba: Columbidae from Henderson Island, Pitcairn Group. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 33(4): 769-793.


Other references:

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Schubel, S. E. and Steadman, David W. (1989). More bird bones from archaeologcal sites on Henderson Island, Pitcairn Group, South Pacific. Atoll Research Bulletin 325: 1-13.

Steadman, David W. (1989). Extinction of birds in eastern Polynesia: a review of the record, and comparisons with other Pacific island groups. J. Archeol. Sci. 16: 177-205.

Steadman, David W. (1992). New species of Gallicolumba and Macropygia (Aves: Columbidae) from archeological sites in Polynesia. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, Science Series 36: 329-348.

Tennyson, Alan J. D. and Bartle, J. A. (2008). Catalogue of type specimens of birds in the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Tuhinga 19: 185-207.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Wragg, Graham M. (1995). The fossil birds of Henderson Island, Pitcairn Group: natural turnover and human impact, a synopsis. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 405-414.

Wragg, G. M. and Weisler, M. I. (1994). Extinctions and new records of birds from Henderson Island, Pitcairn group, south Pacific Ocean. Notornis 41(1): 61-70.


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