Ducula david Balouet & Olson, 1987:769

David’s imperial pigeon, David’s imperial-pigeon, 'Uvea imperial pigeon, Steadman's imperial pigeon



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status




Eua, Tonga, & Wallis (='Uvea) Island


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Balouet, Jean Christophe and Olson, Storrs L. (1987). A new extinct species of giant pigeon (Columbidae: Ducula) from archeological deposits on Wallis (Uvea) Island, South Pacific. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 100(4): 769-775.


Other references:

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Steadman, David W. (1989). New species and records of birds (Aves: Megapodiidae, Columbidae) from an archaeological site on Lifuka, Tonga. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 102: 537-552. [Ducula cf. david from Lifuka, so referrable either to this species or a closely allied taxon]

Steadman, David W. (1993). Biogeography of Tongan birds before and after human impact. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 90(3): 818-822.

Steadman, David W. (1995). Prehistoric Extinctions of Pacific Island Birds: Biodiversity Meets Zooarchaeology. Science 267(5201): 1123-1131.

Steadman, David W. (2006). Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press. xiv + 594 pp.

Steadman, David W., Pregill, Gregory K. and Burley, David V. (2002). Rapid prehistoric extinction of iguanas and birds in Polynesia. PNAS 99(6): 3673-3677.

Thibault, Jean-Claude, Cibois, Alice and Meyer, Jean-Yves. (2015). Birds of Uvea (Wallis), Futuna and Alofi islands (South-West Pacific): an update. Notornis 62: 30-37.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Worthy, Trevor H. (2001). A giant flightless pigeon, sp. nov.,and a new species of Ducula (Aves: Columbidae) from Quatenary deposits in Fiji. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 31: 763-794.


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