Columba versicolor Kittlitz, 1832:5

Bonin (Island) wood pigeon



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Columba kitlizii Temminck, 1835; Columba metallica Vigors, 1839:25; Columba iris Kittlitz, 1858:175


Conservation Status


Last record: 1889 (Day, 1981; Hume & Walters, 2012:140)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


The last specimen was reputedly taken by a A. P. Holst in 1889 from Nakondo Shima (Day, 1981).



Nakondo Shima and Peel Island (= Chichi-jima) in the Bonin Islands (= Ogasawara-shoto), Japan


Biology & Ecology









Original scientific description:

Kittlitz, F. H. v. (1832-33). Kupfertafeln zur Naturgeschicte der Vögel. Frankfurt am Main: Johan David Sauerländer.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Columba versicolor. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 21 May 2013.

BirdLife International. 2016. Columba versicolor. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22690218A93265793. Downloaded on 27 June 2021.

Brazil, M. A. (1991). The birds of Japan. Chistopher Helm, London.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Goodwin, D. 1967. Pigeons and doves of the world. British Museum (Natural History), London.

Greenway James C. (1967). Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, Special Publication no 13, 2nd edn. Dover Publications, New York.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Kittlitz, F. H. v. (1858). Denkwürdigkeiten einer Reise nach dem russischen Amerikanach Micronesien und durch Kamtscatka. Goth: J. Perthes.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292.

Mlíkovský, Jiří and Loskot, V. M. (2016). Type specimens and type localities of birds (Aves) collected during Friedrich Heinrich von Kittlitz’s circumnavigation in 1826-1829. Part 1. Specimens in the collections of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia. Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series 185: 77-137.

Mlíkovský, Jiří. (2016). Type specimens and type localities of birds (Aves) collected during Friedrich Heinrich von Kittlitz’s circumnavigation in 1826-1829. Part 2. Specimens in other collections. Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series 185: 139-156.

Seebohm, H. (1890). On the birds of the Bonin Islands. Ibis S6(2): 95-108.

Stattersfield, A.J., Crosby, M.J., Long, A.J. and Wege, D.C. 1998. Endemic bird areas of the world: priorities for bird conservation. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Temminck, C. J. (1835). Livre 98. Plate XX in Temminck, C. J. and Laugier de Chartreuse, M. (eds.) 1820-1839. Nouveau recueil de planches coloriées d'oiseaux, pour servir de suite et de complément aux planches enluminées de Buffon. Paris: G. Levrault.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Vigors, N. A. (1839). The zoology of Captain Beechey's voyage to the Pacific and Behring's Straits, performed in H.M.S. Blossom under the command of Captain F. W. Beechey in the years 1825-28: Ornithology. London: Henry G. Bohn.


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