Columba palumbus maderensis Tschusi, 1904:227

Madeira(n) wood pigeon



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1904 (Hume & Walters, 2012:138); 1924?

IUCN RedList status: Extinct





Biology & Ecology




The holotye was destroyed during World War II.


At least six surviving specimens are known:

ZMA 44210 (adult, female)


There is an [url=]individual[/url] in the Museu de Historia Natural do Funchal on Madeira.


The America Museum of Natural History (AMNH) holds [url=]four[/url] skins.






Original scientific description:

Tschusi zu Schmidhoffen, Viktor Ritter von. (1904). Über palaearktische Formen. VIII. Orn. Jahrb. 15: 227-230.

Other references:

Bannerman, D. A. and Bannerman, W. M. (1965). Birds of the Atlantic Islands, volume 2. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd.

BirdLife International. (2012). Columba palumbus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 24 August 2013.

Fuller, Errol. (2000). Extinct birds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gibbs, D., Barnes, E. and Cox, J. (2001). Pigeons and doves. Robertsbridge, Sussex: Pica Press.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Matthews, Thomas J. et al. (2022). Threatened and extinct island endemic birds of the world: Distribution, threats and functional diversity. Journal of Biogeography.

Schmitz, P. E. (1899). Die Vögel Madeira's. Ornithologisches Jahrbuch 10(1): 1-40.


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