Columba argentina Bonaparte, 1855

Silvery pigeon, Silvery wood pigeon, Grey wood-pigeon



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1931

Rediscovered in 2008

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered


Before it's official rediscovery in 2008, several unconfirmed sightings had been reported but not accepted by the ornithological community: November 1984, June 1985, March 1989, 27 November 1999 and 2001 (Nash & Nash, 1985; Wison, 2004; Iqbal, 2005).



Indonesia and Malaysia


Biology & Ecology









Original scientific description:

Bonaparte, Charles Lucien. (1855). 32 *1. Myristicivora grisea. In: Conspectus generum avium 2: 36.

Other references:

Amey, Tom. (2021). Bangkaru Island: the challenges and successes of protecting one of Indonesia’s last refuges for three Critically Endangered taxa. BirdingASIA 35: 22-26.

Anonymous. (2009). Silvery Wood Pigeon Columba argentina - International Dove Society. Available at:

BirdLife International. (2001). Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International. (2012). Columba argentina. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 17 March 2013.

Bruslund, S., Leupen, B., Shepherd, C. R., and Nelson, S. S. (2022). Online trade as a serious additional threat to the critically endangered silvery pigeon Columba argentina in Indonesia. Nature Conservation 46: 41-48.

Butchart, S. H. M.; Collar, N. J.; Crosby, M. J. & Tobias, J. A. (2005). Asian enigmas: Lost and poorly known birds: targets for birders in Asia. Birding Asia 3: 41-49.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Stattersfield, A. J. and Brooks, T. M. (2006). Going or gone: defining ‘Possibly Extinct’ species to give a truer picture of recent extinctions. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126A: 7-24.

Collar, Nigel J. and Sykes, Brian R. (2009). Lost, found and saved—OBC conservation: the next 25 years. BirdingASIA 11: 41-46.

Eaton, J. (2011). Silvery Wood Pigeon Columba argentina rediscovered. Suara Enggang 19(1): 6-7.

Eaton, J. A. and Rossouw, J. (2011). Silvery Pigeon Columba argentina on Simeuluë and the Batu islands, Sumatra, Indonesia. Birding Asia 15: 78-79.

Eaton, J. A. et al. (2015). Trade-driven extinctions and near-extinctions of avian taxa in Sundaic Indonesia. Forktail 31: 1-12.

Iqbal, Muhammad. (2005). New and noteworthy bird records from Sumatra, Indonesia. Forktail 21: 167-169.

Iqbal, Muhammad. (2010). In search of the Silvery Pigeon Columba argentina in South Sumatran province, Indonesia. BirdingASIA 13: 9-10.

Iqbal, Muhammad, Amey, Tom, Kusuma, Irda, Alim, Satri Sara and Husni, Akmal. (2022). Novel ecological information for Silvery Pigeon Columba argentina, with first description of the chick. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 142(1): 138-144.

Lee, Mark T., Yong Ding Li and Ong Tun Pin (2009). A photographic record of Silvery Pigeon Columba argentina from the Mentawai Islands, Indonesia, with notes on identification, distribution and conservation. Bulletin of the British Ornithological Club 129(3): 122-128. ["A documented record..."?]

Nash, S. V. (1993). Sold for a song: the trade in Southeast Asian non-CITES birds. Cambridge UK: TRAFFIC International.

Nash, S.V. and Nash, A. D. (1985). A checklist of the forest and forest edge birds of the Padang-Sugihan Wildlife Reserve, South Sumatra. Kukila 2: 51–59.

Svensson, Björn and Yong, Ding Li. (2016). First record of the Critically Endangered Silvery Pigeon Columba argentina from Nias Island, Sumatra, Indonesia. BirdingASIA 26: 73-75.

Verbelen, P. (2010). Silvery Pigeon on Siberut, Mentawai Islands, Sumatra, Indonesia. BirdingASIA 13: 9.

Wilson, Kerry-Jayne. (2004). Notebook: A provisional sighting of the Silvery Pigeon on the Talang Talang Islands, Sarawak, Malaysia. Birding Asia 1: 55-57.

Yong, Ding Li. (2009). Notes on the status and identification of the Silvery Pigeon Columba argentina. BirdingASIA 11: 53-58.


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