Claravis geoffroyi (Temminck in Knip & Temminck, 1811)

Purple-winged ground dove, Purple-barred ground-dove



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Claravis godefrida (Temminck, 1811)


Conservation Status


Last record: November 2007 (Areta et al., 2009)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Argentina, Brazil & Paraguay


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Knip, P. and Temminck, C. J. (1811). Les Pigeons. Livraisons 14 & 15. Paris.

Other references:

Areta, J. I., Bodrati, A. and Cockle, K. (2009). Specialization on Guadua bamboo seeds by three bird species in the Atlantic forest of Argentina. Biotropica 41(1): 66-73.

BirdLife International. (2012). Claravis geoffroyi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 09 February 2015.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Lowe, Stephen, Martin, Rob W., Symes, Andy, Westrip, James R. S. and Wheatley, Hannah. (2018a). Which bird species have gone extinct? A novel quantitative classification approach. Biological Conservation 227: 9-18.

Butchart, Stuart H. M., Wheatley, Hannah, Lowe, Stephen, Westrip, James R. S., Symes, Andy and Martin, Rob W. (2018b). Data for: Which bird species have gone extinct? A novel quantitative classification approach. Mendeley Data, V1, doi: 10.17632/vvjhpmyxb4.1

David, N., Dickinson, E. C. and Gregory, S. M. S. (2010). Correct spellings of some pigeon names (Aves: Columbidae) established by Temminck from 1808 to 1811. Zoological Bibliography 1: 9-13.

Lees, Alexander C. et al. (2021). Assessing the Extinction Probability of the Purple-winged Ground Dove, an Enigmatic Bamboo Specialist. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 9: 624959.

Martin, Thomas E., Bennett, Gareth C., Fairbairn, Andrew J. and Mooers, A. Ø. (2023). ‘Lost’ taxa and their conservation implications. Animal Conservation 26(1): 14-24. [Appendix S2 (1617 taxa not seen >10 years); Appendix S3 (562 taxa not seen >50 years)]

Mittermeier, John C. et al. (2022). Fantastic lost birds and how you can help find them: an updated gap analysis for the Neotropical avifauna. Neotropical Birding 31: 25-32.

Naka, L. N., Barnett, J. M., Kirwan, G. M., Tobias, J. A. and de Azevedo, A. G. (2000). New and noteworthy bird records from Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 120: 237-250.

Sweet, Andrew D. and Johnson, Kevin P. (2015). Patterns of diversification in small New World ground doves are consistent with major geologic events. The Auk 132(1): 300-312. [Abstract]

Sweet, Andrew D., Maddox, J. Dylan and Johnson, Kevin P. (Accepted, 2016). A complete molecular phylogeny of Claravis confirms its paraphyly within small New World ground-doves (Aves: Peristerinae) and implies multiple plumage state transitions. Journal of Avian Biology. DOI: 10.1111/jav.01077 [Abstract]

Temminck, C.J. (1813). Histoire naturelle générale des Pigeons et des Gallinacés. Vol. 1: 1‐499. J. C. Sepp & fils, Amsterdam and G. Dufour, Paris.

Tobias, J. A.; Butchart, S. H. M.; Collar, N. J. 2006. Lost and found: a gap analysis for the Neotropical avifauna. Neotropical Birding [2006]: 4-22.


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