Bountyphaps obsoleta Worthy & Wragg, 2008:502

Henderson Island archaic pigeon, Henderson archaic pigeon (Wragg & Weisler, 1994:61)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: "Henderson archaic pigeon (Columbidae new genus)" (Wragg & Weisler, 1994:61); Henderson archaic pigeon (Columbidae n.g.) Wragg, 1995:407


Conservation Status


Last record: 1050 AD or later (Worthy & Wragg, 2008)


The existence of a new genus of pigeons from Henderson Island, Pitcairn group was first reported by (Wragg & Weisler, 1994:64; Wragg, 1995:407) before finally being described by (Worthy & Wragg, 2008).



Henderson Island, Pitcairn Group


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: NMNZ S.44246 ("R coracoid, near complete, but part of the mid-shaft region ventrally, the tip of the proc. lateralis (lateral angle), and the extreme tip of the procoracoid are lost.")

Type locality: "Henderson Island, site 5, test pit 10, spit 6"



NMNZ S.44256, 

NMNZ S.44247

NMNZ S.44244

NMNZ S.44259






Original scientific description:

Worthy, Trevor H. and Wragg, Graham M. (2008). A new genus and species of pigeon (Aves: Columbidae) from Henderson Island, Pitcairn Group. Terra Australis 29: 499-510.


Other references:

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Rigal, Stanislas, Kirch, Patrick V. and Worthy, Trevor H. (2018). New prehistoric avifaunas from the Gambier Group, French Polynesia. Palaeontologia Electronica 21.3.43.

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Steadman, David W. and Olson, Storrs L. (1985). Bird remains from an archaeological site on Henderson Island, South Pacific: man-caused extinctions on an 'uninhabited' island. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 82: 6192-6195.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Wragg, Graham M. (1995). The fossil birds of Henderson Island, Pitcairn Group: natural turnover and human impact, a synopsis. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 405-414.

Wragg, G. M. and Weisler, M. I. (1994). Extinctions and new records of birds from Henderson Island, Pitcairn group, south Pacific Ocean. Notornis 41(1): 61-70.


<< Back to the Columbiformes (Pigeons and Doves) database