Alopecoenas ferrugineus Forster, 1844:265

Tanna ground dove, Tanna dove, Tanna ground-dove, Forsters' dove of Tanna



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Gallicolumba ferruginea Forster, 1844:265


The species authority is given as "(Wagler [1829])" by (Hume & Walters, 2012:150).


Conservation Status


Last record: August 1774 (Forster, 1778; Day, 1981)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Tanna (Island), Vanuatu


Biology & Ecology




Forster (1778) recounts how a dove was shot on Tanna, Vanuatu. Either this, or a painting now in Tring (Knox & Walters, 1994), was the basis for Forster's (1844) description. However, if the specimen was preserved it seems to have been lost.






Original scientific description:

Forster, Johann Reinhold. (1844). Descriptiones Animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis Terras per annos 1772-74 suscepto collegit, observavit et delineavit J.R. Foster, ... nunc demum editae auctoritata ... Academiae ... curante H. Lichtenstein. Berlin. pp. xiii, 424. [p. 265]


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Gallicolumba ferruginea. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 21 May 2013.

BirdLife International. 2016. Alopecoenas ferrugineus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22691052A93301514. Accessed on 20 June 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International.

del Hoyo, J., et al. (2020) Birds of the World. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA

Forster, Johann Reinhold. (1778). Observations made during a voyage round the world... London. [Day (1981) notes "German edition, slightly expanded: 1779 Berlin."]

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Gmelin, Johann Friedrich. (1789). Systema Naturae.

Goodwin, D. (1967). Pigeons and doves of the world. British Museum (Natural History), London.

Greenway James C. (1967). Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, Special Publication no 13, 2nd edn. Dover Publications, New York.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292. [p. 143]

Latham, John A. (1783). A general synopsis of birds, 2 volumes. London, UK: Leigh and Sotheby.

Latham, John A. (1823). General History of Birds, volume 8. Winchester: Privately published.

Peters, J. L. (1961). Family Columbidae. In: Peters, J.L. (ed.), Check-list of birds of the world, pp. 11-141. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Boston, USA.

Salvadori, T. (1893). Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum, volume 21. Catalogue of the Columbæ, or Pigeons, in the Collection of the British Museum. London: Printed by order of the Trustees.

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Stresemann, E. (1950). Birds collected during Capt. James Cook's last expedition 1776-1780. Auk 67(1): 66-88.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Wagler, J. G. (1829). Beyträge und Bemerkungen zu dem ersten Band seines Systema avium (Fortsetzung III). Isis von Oken 22(7): 738.


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