Idiocranium russeli Parker, 1936

Makamunu Assumbo caecilian



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1933

Rediscovered in 2012

IUCN RedList status: Data Deficient



Cameroon (south-western)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Parker, H. W. (1936). The amphibians of Mamfe Division, Cameroons. I. Zoogeography. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 135-163.


Species bibliography:

Gower, David J., Kouete, MT, Doherty-Bone, TM, Ndeme, ES and Wilkinson, M. (2014). Rediscovery, natural history, and conservation status of Idiocranium russeli Parker, 1936 (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Indotyphlidae). Journal of Natural History 49(3-4): 233-253. [Abstract]

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. (2014). Idiocranium russeli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 25 November 2014.

Perret, J.-L. and Mertens, R. (1957). Revision du materiel herpetologique du Cameroun, etudie par A. Monard. Rev. Suisse Zool.: 73-78.

Theska, Tobias et al. (2018). Musculoskeletal development of the Central African caecilian Idiocranium russeli (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Indotyphlidae) and its bearing on the re-evolution of larvae in caecilian amphibians. Zoomorphology. doi: [Abstract]

Wake, M. H. (1986). The morphology of Idiocranium russeli (Amphibia: Gymnophiona), with comments on miniaturization through heterochrony. Journal of Morphology [1986]: 1-16.


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