The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Homo neanderthalensis (King, 1864)

Neanderthals, Neandertals, Neanderthal man, Neandertal man



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Homo sapiens neanderthalensis King, 1864; Homo calpicus Keith, 1911


Conservation Status

Last record: c.32ka (fossils); 28 ± 3 ka (fossil tracks on Gibraltar) (Muñiz et al., 2019)



Europe (including Gibraltar)












Original scientific description:

King, William. (1864a). On the Neanderthal Skull, or reasons for believing it to belong to the Clydian Period and to a species different from that represented by man. British Association for the Advancement of Science, Notices and Abstracts for 1863, [1863]: 81-82.


Other references:

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