The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Elephas maximus asurus Deraniyagala, 1950

Syrian elephant, Assyrian elephant, Western Asiatic elephant

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

 

 

Conservation Status

Last record: 100 BC or before (Choudhury et al. 2008)

 

IUCN RedList status: Extinct

 

Distribution

Asia (Mesopotamia and Syria)

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Albayrak, Ebru. (2019). The ancient Asian elephant of Turkey in the light of new specimens: Does it have regional features? Quaternary Science Reviews 218: 189-199. [Abstract]

Albayrak, Ebru, Flink, Linus Girdland and Lister, Adrian M. (2017). New Asian elephant specimens from Turkey and genetic insight into the Turkish population. VII International Conference of Mammoths and Their Relatives, 17-23 September, 2017, National Museum of natural Science, Taichung, Taiwan, 2 pp.

Albayrak, Ebru and Lister, Adrian M. (2012). Dental remains of fossil elephants from Turkey. Quaternary International 276-277: 198-211.

Choudhury, A., Lahiri Choudhury, D.K., Desai, A., Duckworth, J.W., Easa, P.S., Johnsingh, A.J.T., Fernando, P., Hedges, S., Gunawardena, M., Kurt, F., Karanth, U., Lister, A., Menon, V., Riddle, H., Rübel, A. & Wikramanayake, E. (IUCN SSC Asian Elephant Specialist Group). (2008). Elephas maximus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. (http://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 31 July 2013.

Deraniyagala, P.E.P. (1951). Elephas maximus, the elephant of Ceylon, Part 2. Spolia Zeylanica,
26, 21-69, pp. 161-177.

Deraniyagala, P.E.P., 1955, Some Extinct Elephants, Their Relatives and the Two Living Species.
Government Press, Ceylon, 161 p.

Joger, U. and Garrido, G. (2001). Phylogenetic position of Elephas, Loxodonta and Mammuthus, based on molecular evidence, pp. 544-547. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Khalaf, Norman Ali Bassam. (2020). The Extinct Syrian Elephant or Assyrian Elephant (Elephas maximus asurus Deraniyagala, 1950). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin 40(210): 1-49.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syrian_elephant

http://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/7662/elephas-asurus-syrian-elephant

 

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