Parocnus browni Matthew, 1931:168

Brown's ground sloth, Matthew’s ground sloth



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Barnumia browni Torre, 1911; Parocnus bownii Matthew, 1931:168; Parocnus brownii Matthew, 1931:168; Mesocnus browni Matthew, 1931:168; Mesocnus brownii Matthew, 1931:168; Mesocnus torrei Matthew, 1931; Mesocnus herrerai Arredondo, 1977; Neomesocnus brevirostris Arredondo, 1961


Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene





Biology & Ecology










Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Arredondo, Oscar. (1977). Nueva especie de Mesocnus (Edentata: Megalonychidae) del Pleistoceno de Cuba. Poeyana 172: 1-10.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Gaudin, T. 2004 Phylogenetic relationships among sloths (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Tardigrada): the craniodental evidence. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 140: 255-305.

Jull, A. J. T. et al. (2004). Radiocarbon dating of extinct fauna in the Americas recovered from tar pits. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 223-224: 668-671.

Steadman, David W. et al. (2005). Asynchronous extinction of late Quaternary sloths on continents and islands. PNAS 102(33): 11763-11768.

White, J. L. and MacPhee, R. D. E. (2001). The Sloths of the West Indies: A Systematic and Phylogenetic Review, pp. 201-236. In: Woods, C. A. and Sergile, F. E. Biogeography of the West Indies: Patterns and Perspectives. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.


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