Holmesina cryptae Moura et al., 2019



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Moura, Jorge Felipe et al. (2019). A new and most complete pampathere (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Cingulata) from the Quaternary of Bahia, Brazil. Zootaxa 4661(3): 401-444.


Other references:

Dantas, Mário A. T. (2022). Estimating the body mass of the Late Pleistocene megafauna from the South America Intertropical Region and a new regression to estimate the body mass of extinct xenarthrans. Journal of South American Earth Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsames.2022.103900

Moura, Jorge Felipe et al. (2021). Damaged armour: Ichnotaxonomy and paleoparasitology of bioerosion lesions in osteoderms of Quaternary extinct armadillos. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 109: 103255. [Abstract]

Nascimento, Carolina Santa Isabel et al. (2020). Lesions in osteoderms of pampatheres (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Cingulata) possibly caused by fleas. Acta Tropica 211: 105614. [Abstract]


<< Back to the Cingulata (Armadillos) database