Glyptotherium cylindricum Brown, 1912

Cylindrical glyptodont



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Brachyostracon cylindricum Brown, 1912


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



North America


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Brown, B. (1912). Brachyostracon, a new genus of glyptodonts from México. American Museum of Natural History Bulletin 31: 167-177.


Other references:

Barbosa FHdS, Porpino KdO, Fragoso ABL, Oliveira EV (2014). Arthritis in a Glyptodont (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Cingulata). PLoS ONE 9(2): e88646.

Bravo-Cuevas, Victor Manuel and Jiménez-Hidalgo, Eduardo. (2018). Advances on the Paleobiology of Late Pleistocene mammals from central and southern Mexico, pp. 277-313. In: Huard, Gaeten and Gareau, Jeannine (eds.). The Pleistocene: Geography, Geology, and Fauna. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Carlini, Alfredo A. et al. (2022). Damaged glyptodontid skulls from Late Pleistocene sites of northwestern Venezuela: evidence of hunting by humans? Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 141: 11.

Dantas M.A.T., França L.d.M., Cozzuol M.A., Rincón A.D. 2011 About the occurrence of Glyptodon sp. in the Brazilian intertropical region. Quaternary International (0). (doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.06.024).

Ferrusquía-Villafranca I., Arroyo-Cabrales J., Martínez-Hernández E., Gama-Castro J., Ruiz-González J., Polaco O.J., Johnson E. (2010). Pleistocene mammals of Mexico: A critical review of regional chronofaunas, climate change response and biogeographic provinciality. Quaternary International 217(1–2), 53-104.

Gillette D.D., Ray C.E. 1981 Glyptodonts of North America. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 40.

Mead, Jim I., S. L. Swift, R. S. White, H. G. McDonald, and A. Baez. (2007). Late Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) Glyptodont and Pampathere (Xenarthra, Cingulata) from Sonora, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas 24(3): 439-449.

Oliveira EV, Porpino KO, Barreto AF, Silva FM. (2010). On the presence of Glyptotherium in the late Pleistocene of Northeastern Brazil, and the status of “Glyptodon” and “Chlamydotherium”. Paleobiogeografic implications. N Jb Geo Paläont Abh 258(3): 353-363.

Ribeiro R.d.C., Kinoshita A., Figueiredo A.M.G., Carvalho I.d.S., Baffa O. 2012 Electron Spin Resonance dating of the Late Quaternary megafauna fossils from Baixa Grande, Bahia, Brazil. Quaternary International (0). (doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2012.07.017).

Zurita, Alfredo A. et al. (2012). The Pleistocene Glyptodontidae Gray, 1869 (Xenarthra: Cingulata) of Colombia and some considerations about the South American Glyptodontinae. Rev. bras. paleontol. 15(3): 273-280.


<< Back to the Cingulata (Armadillos) database