Glyptodon reticulatus Owen, 1845



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene or Holocene





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Owen, Richard. (1845). Descriptive and illustrated catalogue of the fossil organic remains of Mammalia and Aves contained in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England: London, R. & J. E. Taylor, 391 pp.


Other references:

Baffa O., Brunetti A., Karmann I., Neto C.M.D. 2000 ESR dating of a toxodon tooth from a Brazilian karstic cave. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 52(5), 1345-1349.

Fariña, Richard A., Vizcaíno, Sergio F. and Bargo, María S. (1998). Body mass estimations in Lujanian (late Pleistocene-Holocene of South America) mammal megafauna. Mastozoología Neotropical 5(2): 87-108.

Ghilardi, Aline Marcele, Fernandes M. A. and Bichuette M. E. (2011). Megafauna from the Late Pleistocene-Holocene deposits of the Upper Ribeira karst area, southeast Brazil. Quaternary International 245(2): 369-378.

Kerber, L.; Kinoshita, A.; José, F.A.; Figuereido, A.M.G.; Oliveira, E.V. & Baffa, O. 2010. Electron Spin Resonance dating of the southern Brazilian Pleistocene mammals from Touro Passo Formation, and remarks on the geochronology, fauna and palaeoenvironments. Quaternary International 245: 201-208.

Lopes, Renato Pereira et al. (2021). The Santa Vitória Alloformation: an update on a Pleistocene fossil-rich unit in Southern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology 51(1): e2020065.

Rincón, A.D., R.S. White, and G. McDonald. (2008). Late Pleistocene cingulates (Mammalia: Xenarthra) from Mene de Inciarte tar pits, Sierra de Perijá, western Venezuela. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28(1): 197-207.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. (2003). Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12): 3403-3403.

Zurita, Alfredo Eduardo et al. (2010). Accessory protection structures in Glyptodon Owen (Xenarthra, Cingulata, Glyptodontidae). Annales de Paléontologie 96: 1-11.


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