Scelidodon chiliense Lydekker, 1886



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Scelidodon chiliensis Lydekker, 1886; Scelidodon chilensis Lydekker, 1886; Catonyx chiliense Lydekker, 1886


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology




Lectotype: BMNH M 2819 (skull)






Original scientific description:

Lydekker, Richard. (1886). Description of three species of Scelidotherium. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1886: 491-498.


Other references:

Hubbe A., Hubbe M., Neves W. 2007 Early Holocene survival of megafauna in South America. Journal of Biogeography 34(9), 1642-1646.

McDonald, H. G. (1987). A systematic review of the Plio–Pleistocene scelidothere ground sloths (Mammalia: Xenarthra: Mylodontidae). Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Toronto: Department of Geology, University of Toronto. 448 pp.

McDonald, H. Gregory. (2023). A Tale of Two Continents (and a Few Islands): Ecology and Distribution of Late Pleistocene Sloths. Land 12(6): 1192.

McDonald, H. G. and Perea, D. (2002). The large Scelidothere Catonyx tarijensis (Xenarthra, Mylodontidae) from the Pleistocene of Uruguay. Journal of VertebratePaleontology 22 (3): 677-683.

Miño-Boilini, Ángel Ramón, Carlini, Alfredo Armando, Chiesa, Jorge Orlando, Lucero, Natalia Paola and Zurita, Alfredo Eduardo. (2009). First record of [i]Scelidodon chiliense[/i] (Lydekker) (Phyllophaga,Scelidotheriinae) from the Lujanian Stage (Late Pleistocene –Early Holocene) of Argentina. N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Abh. 253(2-3): 373-381.

Pujos, F. (2000). Scelidodon chilensis (Mammalia, Xenar-thra) du Pléistocène terminal de “Pampa de los Fósiles”(Nord-Pérou). Quaternaire 11(3-4): 197-206.

Pujos, F. and Salas, R. (2004). A systematic reassessmentand paleogeographic review of fossil Xenarthra fromPeru. – Bulletin de l’Institut Français d´Etudes Andines 33(2): 331-377.

Seymour, Kevin L. (2015). Perusing Talara: Overview of the Late Pleistocene Fossils from the Tar Seeps of Peru, pp. 97-109. In: Harris, John M. (ed.). La Brea and Beyond: The Paleontology of Asphalt-Preserved Biotas. Los Angeles, California: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series No. 42. 174 pp.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12): 3403-3403.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). In the shadow of the megafauna: prehistoric mammal and bird extinctions across the Holocene, pp. 17-39. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. New York: Oxford University Press.

Varela, Luciano, Tambusso, P. Sebastián, Patiño, Santiago J., Di Giacomo, Mariana and Fariña, Richard A. (2017). Potential Distribution of Fossil Xenarthrans in South America during the Late Pleistocene: co-Occurrence and Provincialism. Journal of Mammalian Evolution. [Abstract]


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