Glossotherium phoenesis Cartelle et al., 2019



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology

It was a digger (Santos et al., 2023).









Original scientific description:

Cartelle, Cástor et al. (2019). Anatomy, possible sexual dimorphism, and phylogenetic affinities of a new mylodontine sloth from the late Pleistocene of intertropical Brazil. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. doi:


Other references:

Dantas, Mário A. T. (2022). Estimating the body mass of the Late Pleistocene megafauna from the South America Intertropical Region and a new regression to estimate the body mass of extinct xenarthrans. Journal of South American Earth Sciences.

Dantas, Mário A. T., Campbell, Sean Cody and McDonald, H. Gregory. (2023). Paleoecological inferences about the Late Quaternary giant ground sloths from the Americas. Research Square preprint.

Dantas, Mário André Trindade and Santos, Adaiana M. A. (2022). Inferring the paleoecology of the Late Pleistocene giant ground sloths from the Brazilian Intertropical Region. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 117: 103899.

McDonald, H. Gregory. (2023). A Tale of Two Continents (and a Few Islands): Ecology and Distribution of Late Pleistocene Sloths. Land 12(6): 1192.

Pansani, Thais R. et al. (2023a). Evidence of artefacts made of giant sloth bones in central Brazil around the last glacial maximum. Proc. R. Soc. B290:20230316.

Pansani, Thais R. et al. (2023b). Radiocarbon dating and isotopic palaeoecology of Glossotherium phoenesis from the Late Pleistocene of the Santa Elina rock shelter, Central Brazil. Journal of Quaternary Science.

Santos, Adaiana Marta Andrade, Mcdonald, H. Gregory and Dantas, Mário André Trindade. (2023). Inferences of the ecological habits of extinct giant sloths from the Brazilian Intertropical Region. Journal of Quaternary Science.


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