Doedicurus clavicaudatus Owen, 1847



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene or Holocene





Biology & Ecology










Borrero LA, Zárate M, Miotti L, and Massone M (1998) The Pleistocene-Holocene transition and human occupations in the Southern C one of South America. Quaternary International 49/50, 191-199.

Christen, Zoe M., Sánchez-Villagra, Marcelo R. and Le Verger, Kévin. (2023). Cranial and endocranial comparative anatomy of the Pleistocene glyptodonts from the Santiago Roth Collection. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 142: 14.

Hubbe A., Hubbe M., Neves W. 2007 Early Holocene survival of megafauna in South America. Journal of Biogeography 34(9), 1642-1646.

Richard A. Fariña, P. Sebastián Tambusso, Luciano Varela, Ada Czerwonogora, Mariana Di Giacomo, Marcos Musso, Roberto Bracco and Andrés Gascue. (2014). Arroyo del Vizcaíno, Uruguay: a fossil-rich 30-ka-old megafaunal locality with cut-marked bones. Proc. R. Soc. B 281(1774): 20132211.

Fariña, Richard A., Vizcaíno, Sergio F. and Bargo, María S. (1998). Body mass estimations in Lujanian (late Pleistocene-Holocene of South America) mammal megafauna. Mastozoología Neotropical 5(2): 87-108.

Lopes, Renato Pereira et al. (2021). The Santa Vitória Alloformation: an update on a Pleistocene fossil-rich unit in Southern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology 51(1): e2020065.

McNeill Alexander, R.; Farin, Richard A. & Vizcaíno, Sergio F. (1999). Tail blow energy and carapace fractures in a large glyptodont (Mammalia, Xenarthra). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 126(1): 41-49. [Abstract]

Mitchell, Kieren J. et al. (2016). Ancient DNA from the extinct South American giant glyptodont Doedicurus sp. (Xenarthra: Glyptodontidae) reveals that glyptodonts evolved from Eocene armadillos. Molecular Ecology. doi: 10.1111/mec.13695

Prates, Luciano and Perez, S. Ivan. (2021). Late Pleistocene South American megafaunal extinctions associated with rise of Fishtail points and human population. Nature Communications 12: 2175.

Agustín Scanferla, Ricardo Bonini, Lucas Pomib, Enrique Fucks and Alejandro Molinari. (In press). New Late Pleistocene megafaunal assemblage with well-supported chronology from the Pampas of southern South America. Quaternary International. [Abstract]

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). In the shadow of the megafauna: prehistoric mammal and bird extinctions across the Holocene, pp. 17-39. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. New York: Oxford University Press.

Varela, Luciano, Clavijo, Lucía, Tambusso, P. Sebastián and Fariña, Richard A. (2023). A window into a late Pleistocene megafauna community: Stable isotopes show niche partitioning among herbivorous taxa at the Arroyo del Vizcaíno site (Uruguay). Quaternary Science Reviews 317: 108286.

Varela, Luciano, Tambusso, P. Sebastián, Patiño, Santiago J., Di Giacomo, Mariana and Fariña, Richard A. (2017). Potential Distribution of Fossil Xenarthrans in South America during the Late Pleistocene: co-Occurrence and Provincialism. Journal of Mammalian Evolution. [Abstract]


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