Dasypus bellus Simpson, 1929

Beautiful armadillo



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Tatu bellus Simpson, 1929


Conservation Status


Last record: c.11,000 BC



The Americas (including New Mexico)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Simpson, George Gaylord. (1929). Pleistocene mammalian fauna of the Seminole Field, Pinellas County, Florida. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 56: 561-599.


Other references:

Auffenberg, W. (1957). A note on an unusually complete specimen of Dasypus bellus (Simpson) from Florida. Quarterly Journal Florida Academy of Sciences 20(4): 233-237.

Brodkorb, Pierce. (1959). The Pleistocene avifauna of Arredondo, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 4(9): 269-291.

Churcher, C. S. (2019). Pleistocene Mammals From Extinction Cave, Belize. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. doi: [Abstract]

Downing, K. F and White, R. S. (1995). The cingulates (Xenarthra) of the Leisey Shell Pit local fauna (Irvingtonian), Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 37(12): 375-396.

Faunmap working group. 1994 FAUNMAP: a database documenting late Quaternary distributions of mammal species in the United States. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers 25(1-2), 1-690.

Xiao Feng, Teresa Cristina S. Anacleto, Monica Papeş. (2016). Climatic Similarity of Extant and Extinct [i]Dasypus[/i] Armadillos. Journal of Mammalian Evolution. DOI: 10.1007/s10914-016-9336-y [Abstract]

Harris, Arthur H. (1993). Quaternary vertebrates of New Mexico, pp. 179-197. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 2:i-vii, 1-338.

Hibbard, Claude W. and Taylor, Dwight W. (1960). Two late Pleistocene faunas from southwestern Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan 16(1): 1-223 pp., 16 pls., 18 figs.

Holman, J. Alan. (1959). Birds and mammals from the Pleistocene of Williston, Florida. Bull. Fla. State Mus. 5: 1-24.

Hulbert, R. C. and Pratt, A E. (1998). Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) vertebrate faunas from coastal Georgia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 18(2): 412-429.

Jasinski SE, Wallace SC (2014) Investigation into the paleobiology of Dasypus bellus using geometric morphometrics and variation of the calcaneus. J Mammal Evol 21: 285–298.

Kurtén, B., and E. Anderson. 1980. Pleistocene mammals of North America. Columbia Univ. Press, New York, 442 pp.

Oesch, Ronald D. (1967). A Preliminary Investigation of a Pleistocene Vertebrate Fauna from Crankshaft Pit, Jefferson County, Missouri. Bulletin of the National Speleological Society 29(3): 163-185. [Abstract]

Rincón A.D., White R.S., McDonald H.G. 2008 Late Pleistocene Cingulates (Mammalia: Xenarthra) from Mene De Inciarte Tar Pits, Sierra De Perijá, Western Venezuela. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28(1): 197-207.

Robertson, J. S. (1976). Latest Pliocene mammals from Haile XVA, Alachua County, Florida: Bulletin of the Florida State Museum 20(3): 111-186.

Schubert, Blaine W. (1999). A terminal Pleistocene amphibian, reptile, and mammalian fauna, Little Beaver Cave, Missouri, U.S.A. Abstracts from the 6th CAVEPS, Perth, 7-11 July, 1997. In: Baynes, Alexander and Long, John A. (eds.). Papers in vertebrate palaeontology. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 57: 416.

Slaughter BH (1961) The significance of Dasypus bellus (Simpson) in Pleistocene local faunas. Tex J Sci 13: 311–315

Slaughter, B. H. 1975. Ecological interpretation of the Brown Sand Wedge local fauna. Pp.179-192, in Late Pleistocene environments of the Southern High Plains (F. Wendorf and J. J. Hester, eds.). Fort Burgwin Research Center Publication, 9: 1-290.

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.


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