Catonyx cuvieri Lund, 1839



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



South America


Biology & Ecology

It was a digger (Santos et al., 2023).









Auler A.S., Piló L.B., Smart P.L., Wang X., Hoffmann D., Richards D.A., Edwards R.L., Neves W.A., Cheng H. 2006 U-series dating and taphonomy of Quaternary vertebrates from Brazilian caves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 240(3-4), 508-522.

Barbosa, Fernando H. de S. et al. (2019). Articular and vertebral lesions in the Pleistocene sloths (Xenarthra, Folivora) from the Brazilian Intertropical Region. Historical Biology 31(5): 544-558. [Abstract]

Cartelle C., De Iuliis G., Lopes Ferreira R. 2009 Systematic revision of tropical Brazilian Scelidotheriine sloths (Xenarthra, Mylodontoidea). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29(2): 555-566.

Corona, Andrea, Perea, Daniel and McDonald, H. Gregory. (2011). First report of Catonyx cuvieri (Xenarthra, Mylodontidae, Scelidotheriinae) from the Late Pleistocene of Uruguay, pp. 791-792. In: Atas Do XXII Congresso Brasileiro de Paleontologia Complemento, Sociedade Brasileira de Paleontologia, Natal, 23-28 October 2011.

Corona, Andrea, Perea, Daniel and McDonald, H. Gregory. (2013). Catonyx cuvieri (Xenarthra, Mylodontidae, Scelidotheriinae) from the late Pleistocene of Uruguay, with comments regarding the systematics of the subfamily. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33(5): 1214-1225. [Abstract]

Dantas, Mário A. T. (2022). Estimating the body mass of the Late Pleistocene megafauna from the South America Intertropical Region and a new regression to estimate the body mass of extinct xenarthrans. Journal of South American Earth Sciences.

Dantas, Mário A. T., Campbell, Sean Cody and McDonald, H. Gregory. (2023). Paleoecological inferences about the Late Quaternary giant ground sloths from the Americas. Research Square preprint.

Dantas, Mário André Trindade and Santos, Adaiana M. A. (2022). Inferring the paleoecology of the Late Pleistocene giant ground sloths from the Brazilian Intertropical Region. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 117: 103899.

Dantas, M. A. and Zucon, M. H. (2007). Occurrence of Catonyx cuvieri (Lund, 1839) (Tardigrada, Scelidotheriinae) in the late Pleistocene-Holocene of Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia 10: 129-132.

Dantas, Mário André Trindade et al. (2021). Isotopic paleoecology (δ13C) of mesoherbivores from Late Pleistocene of Gruta da Marota, Andaraí, Bahia, Brazil. Historical Biology 33(5): 643-651. [Abstract]

Ghilardi, Aline Marcele et al. (2011). Megafauna from the Late Pleistocene-Holocene deposits of the Upper Ribeira karst area, southeast Brazil. Quaternary International 245: 369-378.

Hubbe, Alex, Hubbe, Mark and Neves, Walter A. (In press). The Brazilian megamastofauna of the Pleistocene/Holocene transition and its relationship with the early human settlement of the continent. Earth-Science Reviews. [Abstract]

Lopes R.P., Pereira J.C. (2010). Fossils of Scelidotheriinae Ameghino, 1904 (Xenarthra, Pilosa) in the Pleistocene deposits of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Gaea, Journal of Geoscience 6: 44-52.

Lopes, Renato Pereira et al. (2021). The Santa Vitória Alloformation: an update on a Pleistocene fossil-rich unit in Southern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology 51(1): e2020065.

McDonald, H. Gregory. (2023). A Tale of Two Continents (and a Few Islands): Ecology and Distribution of Late Pleistocene Sloths. Land 12(6): 1192.

Neves WA, González-José R, Hubbe M, Kipnis R, Araujo AGM, and Blasi O (2004) Early Holocene human skeletal remains from Cerca Grande, Lagoa Santa, Central Brazil, and the origins of the 5 rst Americans. World Archaeology 36, 479–501.

Santos, Adaiana Marta Andrade, Mcdonald, H. Gregory and Dantas, Mário André Trindade. (2023). Inferences of the ecological habits of extinct giant sloths from the Brazilian Intertropical Region. Journal of Quaternary Science.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). In the shadow of the megafauna: prehistoric mammal and bird extinctions across the Holocene, pp. 17-39. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. New York: Oxford University Press.

Varela, Luciano, Tambusso, P. Sebastián, Patiño, Santiago J., Di Giacomo, Mariana and Fariña, Richard A. (2017). Potential Distribution of Fossil Xenarthrans in South America during the Late Pleistocene: co-Occurrence and Provincialism. Journal of Mammalian Evolution. [Abstract]


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