Plethodon neomexicanus Stebbins & Riemer, 1950

Jemez Mountains salamander



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1913

Rediscovered in 1950

IUCN RedList status: Near Threatened





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Stebbins, R. C., and W. J. Riemer. (1950). A new species of plethodontid salamander from the Jemez Mountains of New Mexico. Copeia 1950: 73-80.

Other references:

Behler, J.L. and King, F.W. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. New York.

Blackburn, L., Nanjappa, P. and Lannoo, M.J. 2001. An Atlas of the Distribution of U.S. Amphibians. Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA.

Bury, R.B., Dodd, Jr., C.K. and Fellers, G.M. 1980. Conservation of the Amphibia of the United States: a review. Resource Publication: 1-34.

Cummer, M.R., Christman, B.L. and Wright, M.A. 2003. Investigations of the status and distribution of amphibians and reptiles on the Valles National Preserve, Sandoval County, New Mexico. Unpublished report submitted to the Valles Caldera Trust, 2201 Trinity Drive, Los Alamos, New Mexico.

Degenhardt, W.G., Painter, C.W. and Price, A.H. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Frost, D.R. 1985. Amphibian Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Allen Press and the Association of Systematic Collections, Lawrence, Kansas.

Geoffrey Hammerson, Charles Painter. 2004. Plethodon neomexicanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T17626A7206601. Downloaded on 12 February 2017.

Mahoney, M.J. 2001. Molecular systematics of Plethodon and Aneides (Caudata: Plethodontidae): phylogenetic analysis of an old and rapid radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution: 174-188.

New Mexico Department of Fish and Game. 1985. Handbook of species endangered in New Mexico.

New Mexico Department of Game and Fish. 1994. Endangered Species of New Mexico - 1994 Biennial Review and Recommendations. Authority: New Mexico Wildlife Conservation Act (NMSA 17-2-37, 1978), Santa Fe, New Mexico.

New Mexico Department of Game and Fish. 2000. Conservation Agreement for the Jemez Mountains Salamander Between and Among New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, USDA Forest Service, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Petranka, J.W. 1998. Salamanders of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Ramotnik, C.A. and Scott, N.J., Jr. 1988. Habitat requirements of New Mexico's endangered salamanders. In: Szaro, R., Severson, K. and Patton, D. (eds), Management of Amphibians, Reptiles and Small Mammals in North America: Proceedings of a symposium, pp. 54-63. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, General Technical Report, RM-166.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Stebbins, R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. Second Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

Williams, S.R. 1973. Plethodon neomexicanus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles: 1-2.


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