Parvimolge townsendi (Dunn, 1922)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Oedipus townsendi Dunn, 1922 (original combination); Bolitoglossa townsendi (Dunn, 1922)


Conservation Status

Last record: after 1997

Rediscovered in 2010

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Veracruz (east-central), Mexico


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: MCZ 8017 (Smith & Taylor, 1948:21)

Type locality: "Cerro de los Estropajos, near Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico" (Smith & Taylor, 1948:21)






Original scientific description:

Dunn, E. R. (1922). A new salamander from Mexico. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 35: 5-6.


Other references:

Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, James Hanken, Mario García-París. (2008). Parvimolge townsendi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 26 January 2015.

Sandoval-Comte A, Pineda E, Aguilar-López JL. (2012). In Search of Critically Endangered Species: The Current Situation of Two Tiny Salamander Species in the Neotropical Mountains of Mexico. PLoS ONE 7(4): e34023.

Smith, Hobart M. and Taylor, Edward H. (1948). An Annotated Checklist and Key to the Amphibia of Mexico. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 194: iv + 118 pp.

Taylor, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., vol. 27, 1941, p. 107.

Taylor, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., vol. 30, 1944, p. 223.


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