Chiropterotriton chiropterus (Cope, 1863:54)

Common splayfoot salamander



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Spelerpes chiropterus Cope, 1863 (original combination); Bolitoglossa chiroptera (Cope, 1863); Chiropterotriton chiroptera (Cope, 1863); Oedipus chiropterus (Cope, 1863); Spelerpes laticeps Brocchi, 1883


Conservation Status

Last record: early 1980's

Rediscovered in 2010-2013?

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Veracruz (central), Mexico


Biology & Ecology




Type locality: "Alirador, Veracruz, Mexico" (Smith & Taylor, 1948:33)






Original scientific description:

Cope, E. D. (1863). On Trachycephalus, Scaphiopus and other Batrachia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 15: 43-54.


Other references:

Darda, D. (1994). Allozyme variation and morphological evolution among Mexican salamanders of the genus Chiropterotriton. Herpetologica 50: 164-187.

Brocchi, Mission scientifique au Mexique et dans I'Amérique centrale, pt. 3, sect. 2, livr. 3, 1883, p. 110, pi. 18, fig. 1

Dunn, Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., zool. ser., vol. 12, 1924, pp. 99-100

Parra-Olea, G., García-París, M. and Wake, D.B. 1999. Status of some populations of Mexican salamanders. Revista de Biologia Tropical: 217-223.

Parra-Olea, G., Papenfuss, T.J. and Wake, D.B. 2001. New species of lungless salamanders of the genus Pseudoeurycea (Amphibia: Caudata: Plethodontidae) from Veracruz, Mexico. Scientific papers of the Natural History Museum of the University of Kansas: 1-9.

Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, James Hanken. 2008. Chiropterotriton chiropterus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59222A11901075. . Downloaded on 10 October 2015.

Smith, Hobart M. and Taylor, Edward H. (1948). [url=]An Annotated Checklist and Key to the Amphibia of Mexico[/url]. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 194: iv + 118 pp.

Taylor, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., vol. 25, 1938 (1939), pp. 291-293.

Taylor, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., vol. 30, 1944, p. 216

Wake, D.B. 1987. Adaptive radiation of salamanders in Middle American cloud forests. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 74: 242-264.

Wake, D.B. and Lynch, J.F. 1976. The distribution, ecology, and evolutionary history of plethodontid salamanders in tropical America. Science Bulletin of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: 1-65.


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