Terrapene carolina putnami (Hay, 1906)

Giant box turtle



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Terrapene putnami Hay, 1906 (original combination)


Conservation Status

Last record: Late Pleistocene-Holocene border





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Hay, O. P. (1906). Descriptions of two new genera (Echmatemys and Xenochelys) and two new species (Xenochelys formosa and Terrapene putnami) of fossil turtles. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 22: 27-31.


Other references:

Auffenberg, W. (1958). Fossil turtles of the genus Terrapene in Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 3: 53-92.

Bentley, C. C. and Knight, J. L. (1998). Turtles (Reptilia: Testudines) of the Ardis local fauna late Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) of South Carolina. Brimleyana 25: 1-33.

Brodkorb, Pierce. (1959). The Pleistocene avifauna of Arredondo, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 4(9): 269-291.

Butler, Jason M. et al. (2011). Morphological and molecular evidence indicates that the Gulf Coast box turtle (Terrapene carolina major) is not a distinct evolutionary lineage in the Florida Panhandle. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 102: 889-901.

Davis, Leo Carson, Scoggins, John G. and Holman, J. Alan. (2000). Large Pleistocene Box Turtle from Southwest Arkansas. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science 54: 147-149.

Holman, J. A. (1965). A huge Pleistocene box turtle from Texas. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 28: 245-248.

Holman, J. A. (1995). Pleistocene Amphibians and Reptiles in North America. Oxford University Press, New York. 243 pp.

Johnson, E. 1987. Vertebrate remains In: E.Johnson, ed. Late Quaternary Studies on the Southern High Plains. Texas A&MUniversity Press, College Station, pp. 49-89.

Roth, J. A. and Laerm, J. (1980). A Late Pleistocene vertebrate assemblage from Edisto Island, South Carolina. Brimleyana 3: 1-29.


<< Back to the Testudines database