Meiolania damelipi White, Worthy, Hawkins, Bedford and Spriggs, 2010:15512

Efate giant horned turtle, Vanuatu giant tortoise, Vanuatu horned turtle (proposed)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: c. 810 BC



Efate Island, Vanuatu


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

White, A. W., T. H. Worthy, S. Hawkins, S. Bedford, and M. Spriggs. (2010). Megafaunal meiolaniid horned turtles survived until early human settlement in Vanuatu, Southwest Pacific. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107(35): 15512-15516.


Species bibliography:

Hawkins, Stuart Charles. (2015). Human behavioural ecology, anthropogenic impact and subsistence change at the Teouma Lapita site, central Vanuatu, 3000-2500 BP. Thesis, Australian National University.

Hawkins, Stuart et al. (2016). Ancient tortoise hunting in the southwest Pacific. Scientific Reports 6: 38317.

Kinaston, R. et al. (2014). Lapita diet in Remote Oceania: new stable isotope evidence from the 3000-year-old Teouma site, Efate Island, Vanuatu. PLOS ONE 9(3)e90376: 1-18.

Petchey, Fiona, Spriggs, Matthew, Bedford, Stuart and Valentin, Frédérique. (2015). The chronology of occupation at Teouma, Vanuatu: Use of a modified chronometric hygiene protocol and Bayesian modeling to evaluate midden remains. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 4: 95-105.

Turtle Extinctions Working Group et al. (2015). Turtles and Tortoises of the World During the Rise and Global Spread of Humanity: First Checklist and Review of Extinct Pleistocene and Holocene Chelonians. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 1-66.


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