Megalochelys sp. nov. 'Timor'

Timor giant tortoise



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



Timor, Indonesia


Biology & Ecology










Hooijer, D. A. (1971). A giant land tortoise, Geochelone atlas (Falconer and Cautley), from the Pleistocene of Timor. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Ser. B, Phys. Sci. 74(5): 504-525.

Setiyabudi, E. (2009). An early Pleistocene giant tortoise (Reptilia; Testudines; Testudinidae) from the Bumiayu area, Central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Fossil Research 42(1): 1-11.

Sondaar, P. Y. (1981). The Geochelone faunas of the Indonesian archipelago and their paleogeographical and biostratigraphical significance. Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia 6: 111-120.

Sondaar, P. Y. (1987). Pleistocene man and extinctions of island endemics. Mémoires de la Société Géologique de France, N.S. 150: 159-165.

Turtle Extinctions Working Group et al. (2015). Turtles and Tortoises of the World During the Rise and Global Spread of Humanity: First Checklist and Review of Extinct Pleistocene and Holocene Chelonians. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 1-66.


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