Geochelone cubensis Leidy, 1868:179

Cuban giant tortoise



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Chelonoidis cubensis Leidy, 1868:179; Testudo cubensis Leidy, 1868:179


Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene (early)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Leidy, J. (1868). Notice of some vertebrate remains from the West Indian islands. Ibid., pp. 178-180.


Other references:

Aranda, E., Viñola-López, L. W., & Álvarez-Lajonchere, L. (2020). New insights on the quaternary fossil record of Isla de la Juventud, Cuba. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 102: 102656.

Auffenberg, W. (1967). Notes on West Indian tortoises. Herpetologica 23(1): 34-44.

Auffenberg, W. (1974). Checklist of fossil tortoises (Testudinidae). Bull. Florida State Mus. 18: 121-251.

Karl, H.-V. (1995). Über einen fossilen Schildkrötenrest (Reptilia, Testudines) von Kuba. Mitteilungen aus dem Geologisch-Paläon-tologischen Institut der Universität Hamburg 78: 129-137.

Meylan, P. A. and Sterrer, W. (2000). Hesperotestudo (Testudines: Testudinidae) from the Pleistocene of Bermuda, with comments on the phylogenetic position of the genus. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 128: 51-76.

Turtle Extinctions Working Group et al. (2015). Turtles and Tortoises of the World During the Rise and Global Spread of Humanity: First Checklist and Review of Extinct Pleistocene and Holocene Chelonians. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 1-66.

Williams, Ernest E. (1950). Testudo cubensis and the evolution of Western Hemisphere tortoises. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 95: 7-36.

Williams, Ernest E. (1952). A new fossil tortoise from Mona Island, West Indies, and a tentative arrangement of the tortoises of the world. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (New York) 99: 541-560.


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