Chelonoidis alburyorum sementis Franz et al., 2020

Middle Caicos giant tortoise, Caicos giant tortoise



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: AD 890–1020 (Steadman et al., 2019); c. 1400 AD (TEWG et al., 2015)



Middle Caicos Island, Caicos Bank, Turks and Caicos


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Franz, Richard, Albury, Nancy A. and Steadman, David W. (2020). Extinct tortoises from the Turks and Caicos Islands. Florida Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull. 58(1): 1-38.


Other references:

Franz, R. et al. (2001). Fossil tortoises from the Turks and Caicos Islands, B.W.I., pp. 27-31. In: Clark-Simpson, C. A. and Smith, G. W. (eds.). Proceedings of the 8th Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas.

Kehlmaier, Christian et al. (2021). Ancient mitogenomics elucidates diversity of extinct West Indian tortoises. Scientific Reports 11: 3224.

Steadman, David W. et al. (2019). The paleoecology and extinction of endemic tortoises in the Bahamian Archipelago. The Holocene. doi: [Abstract]

Turtle Extinctions Working Group et al. (2015). Turtles and Tortoises of the World During the Rise and Global Spread of Humanity: First Checklist and Review of Extinct Pleistocene and Holocene Chelonians. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 1-66.


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