Chelonoidis sombrerensis Leidy, 1868:180

Sombrero giant tortoise



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Emys sombrerensis Leidy, 1868:180; Testudo sombrerensis Leidy, 1868:180


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



Sombrero Island, Anguilla


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Leidy, J. (1868). Notice of some vertebrate remains from the West Indian islands. Ibid., pp. 178-180.


Other references:

Auffenberg, W. (1967). Notes on West Indian tortoises. Herpetologica 23(1): 34-44.

Julien, A. J. (1867). On the geology of the key of Sombrero. Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist. New York 8: 251-278.

Julien, A. J. (1878). Gigantic land tortoises. Nature 19: 30-31.

Leidy, J. (1859). [Fossils from Sombrero Island.] Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, p. 111.

Turtle Extinctions Working Group et al. (2015). Turtles and Tortoises of the World During the Rise and Global Spread of Humanity: First Checklist and Review of Extinct Pleistocene and Holocene Chelonians. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 1-66.

Williams, Ernest E. (1952). A new fossil tortoise from Mona Island, West Indies, and a tentative arrangement of the tortoises of the world. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (New York) 99: 541-560.


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