Chelonoidis alburyorum alburyorum Franz & Franz, 2009:5

Abaco tortoise, Albury's tortoise



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: c. 1110 AD



Great Abaco Island, the Bahamas


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: UF 225400






Original scientific description:

Franz, Richard and Franz, Shelley E. (2009). A new fossil land tortoise in the genus Chelonoidis (Testudines: Testudinidae) from the northern Bahamas, with an osteological assessment of other Neotropical tortoises. The Bulletin 49(1): 1-44. [Abstract]


Other references:

Franz, Richard, Albury, Nancy A. and Steadman, David W. (2020). Extinct tortoises from the Turks and Caicos Islands. Florida Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull. 58(1): 1-38.

Hastings, Alexander K. (2011). Collagen isotope analysis of extremely well-preserved fossils from a blue hole site in the Bahamas. 2011 GSA Annual Meeting in Minneapolis (9–12 October 2011), Paper No. 15-10, Presentation Time: 10:25 AM-10:40 AM. [Abstract]

Hastings, Alexander K. et al. (2014). Domination by reptiles in a terrestrial food web of the Bahamas prior to human occupation. Journal of Herpetology 48(3): 380-388.

Kehlmaier, Christian et al. (2017). Tropical ancient DNA reveals relationships of the extinct Bahamian giant tortoise Chelonoidis alburyorum. Proc. R. Soc. B 284: 20162235.

Kehlmaier, Christian et al. (2021). Ancient mitogenomics elucidates diversity of extinct West Indian tortoises. Scientific Reports 11: 3224.

Steadman, David W. et al. (2014). Late-Holocene faunal and landscape change in the Bahamas. The Holocene 24(2): 220-230.

Steadman, D. W., Franz, R., Morgan, G. S., Albury, N. A., Kakuk, B., Broad, K., ... and Dilcher, D. L. (2007). Exceptionally well preserved late Quaternary plant and vertebrate fossils from a blue hole on Abaco, The Bahamas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(50): 19897-19902.

Turtle Extinctions Working Group et al. (2015). Turtles and Tortoises of the World During the Rise and Global Spread of Humanity: First Checklist and Review of Extinct Pleistocene and Holocene Chelonians. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 1-66.


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