Cylindraspis peltastes Duméril & Bibron, 1835:138

Domed Rodrigues (giant) tortoise, Lesser tortoise, Rodrigues domed tortoise



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Testudo peltastes Duméril & Bibron, 1835:138; Geochelone peltastes Duméril & Bibron, 1835:138; Testudo rotunda Latreille in Sonnini and Latreille, 1801:107


Conservation Status


Last record: after 1800 (1802?)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


A small number of individuals may have survived until 1802 or slightly after (Maas, 2010)



Rodrigues, Mascarene Islands


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. (1835). Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p.


Other references:

Arnold, E. N. (1979). Indian Ocean giant tortoises: their systematics and island adaptations. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 286: 127-145.

Austin, Jeremy J. and Arnold, E. Nicholas. (2001). Ancient mitochondrial DNA and morphology elucidate an extinct island radiation of Indian Ocean giant tortoises (Cylindraspis). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268: 2515-2523.

Austin, Jeremy, Arnold, E. Nicholas and Bour, Roger. (2002). The provenance of type specimens of extinct Mascarene Island giant tortoises (Cylindraspis) revealed by ancient mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of Herpetology 36(2): 280-285. [Abstract]

Bour, Roger. (1985 "1984"). Les tortues terrestres géantes des îles de l’océan Indien occidental: données géographiques, taxinomiques et phylogénétiques, pp. 17-76. In: F. de Broin and E. Jiménez-Fuentes (Eds.) Comunicaciones del I Simposium Internacional sobre Quelonios Fósiles, París, Octubre, 1983. Studia Geologica Salmanticensia, Volumen Especial 1 (Studia Palaeocheloniologica I) [1984].

Bour, Roger. Fretey, T. and Cheke, Anthony S. (2014). Philibert Marragon (1749-1826) and the Mémoire sur l’Isle de Rodrigue (1795). Bibliotheca Herpetologica 10(2): 5-32.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2014). Fossil discoveries in Rodrigues and Mauritius, pp. 203-228. In: Gerlach, Justin (ed.). Western Indian Ocean Tortoises: Ecology, Diversity, Evolution, Conservation, Palaeontology. Manchester: Siri Scientific Books.

Kehlmaier, Christian et al. (2019). Ancient mitogenomics clarifies radiation of extinct Mascarene giant tortoises (Cylindraspis spp.). Scientific Reports 9: 17487.

Leguat , F. (1707) [“1708”]. Voyages et avantures de François Leguat, et de ses compagnons, en deux îsles désertes des Indes orientales. London: David Mortier, Vol. 1, 164 pp., Vol. 2, 180 pp.

Maas, P. H. J. (2010). Rodrigues Domed Tortoise - Cylindraspis peltastes . In: TSEW (2010). The Sixth Extinction Website. ( Downloaded on December 11, 2010.

Tirvengadum, D. D. and Bour, R. (1985). Checklist of the herpetofauna of the Mascarene Islands. Atoll. Res. Bull. 292: 49-60.

Turtle Extinctions Working Group et al. (2015). Turtles and Tortoises of the World During the Rise and Global Spread of Humanity: First Checklist and Review of Extinct Pleistocene and Holocene Chelonians. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 1-66.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Cylindraspis peltastes. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. ( Downloaded on 11 December 2010.


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