Cylindraspis inepta Günther, 1873

Saddle-backed Mauritius giant tortoise, Domed tortoise, Mauritius giant domed tortoise

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Testudo neraudii Gray, 1831:14; Testudo inepta Günther, 1873:397; Testudo boutonii Günther, 1875:297; Testudo sauzieri Gadow, 1894:315

 

Conservation Status

Last record: early 1700's

IUCN status: Extinct

 

Distribution

Mauritius, Mascarene Islands

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Günther, A. C. L. G. (1873). Preliminary notice of some extinct tortoises from the islands of Rodriguez and Mauritius. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4)11: 397.

 

Other references:

Arnold, E. N. (1979). Indian Ocean giant tortoises: their systematics and island adaptations. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 286: 127-145.

Arnold, E. N. (1980). Recently extinct reptile populations from Mauritius and Re´union, Indian Ocean. J. Zool. 191: 33-47.

Austin, Jeremy J. and Arnold, E. Nicholas. (2001). Ancient mitochondrial DNA and morphology elucidate an extinct island radiation of Indian Ocean giant tortoises (Cylindraspis). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268: 2515-2523.

Austin, Jeremy, Arnold, E. Nicholas and Bour, Roger. (2002). The provenance of type specimens of extinct Mascarene Island giant tortoises (Cylindraspis) revealed by ancient mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of Herpetology 36(2): 280-285. [Abstract]

Bour, Roger. (1984). Données sur la répartition géographique des tortues terrestres et d’eau douce aux îles Maurice et Rodrigues. Bulletin of the Mauritius Insitute 10(1): 75-102.

Bour, Roger et al. (2014). Morphology and paleontological exploration (up to 2000) of the extinct tortoises of the Mascarenes Islands, pp. 121-202. In: Gerlach, Justin (ed.). Western Indian Ocean Tortoises: Ecology, Diversity, Evolution, Conservation, Palaeontology. Manchester: Siri Scientific Books.

Burleigh, R. and Arnold, E. N. (1986). Age and Dietary Differences of Recently Extinct Indian Ocean Tortoises (Geochelone s. lat.) Revealed by Carbon Isotope Analysis. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 227(1246): 137-144. [Abstract]

Cheke, Anthony S. and Beentje, Henk. (2016). Citizen animals, dodo mayors – the curious account of a visit to Mauritius in 1632. Phelsuma 24: 1-5.

Cheke, Anthony S. and Bour, Roger. (2014). Unequal struggle – how humans displaced the dominance of tortoises in island ecosystems, pp. 31-120. In: Gerlach, Justin (ed.). Western Indian Ocean Tortoises: Ecology, Diversity, Evolution, Conservation, Palaeontology. Manchester: Siri Scientific Books.

Cheke, Anthony S. and Hume, Julian Pender. (2008). Lost Land of the Dodo: An Ecological History of Mauritius, Réunion and Rodrigues. London: T. and A.D. Poyser. 464 pp.

de Boer, Erik J. et al. (2015). A deadly cocktail: How a drought around 4200 cal. yr BP caused mass mortality events at the infamous ‘dodo swamp’ in Mauritius. The Holocene 25(5): 758-771. [Abstract]

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Florens, F. B. Vincent. (2002). Osteological finds on Trois Mamelles mountain extends the known ecological range of the extinct endemic Mauritian tortoise [i]Cylindraspis[/i] sp. Phelsuma 10: 56-58.

Gadow, H. (1894). On the Remains of some Gigantic Land-Tortoises, and of an extinct Lizard, recently discovered in Mauritius. The Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 13: 313-324. [Abstract]

Gray, J. E. (1831). Synopsis Reptilium; or Short Descriptions of the Species of Reptiles. Part I.—Cataphracta. Tortoises, Crocodiles, and Enaliosaurians. London: Treuttel, Wurz, and Co., 85 pp. [Published May 1831].

Günther, A. C. L. G. (1875). Descriptions of the living and extinct races of gigantic land-tortoises. Parts I and II. Introduction, and the tortoises of the Galapagos Islands. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 165: 251-284.

Haddon, Alfred C. (1880). On the Extinct Land‐Tortoises of Mauritius and Rodriguez. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 15(81): 58-59. [Abstract]

Hume, Julian Pender. (2014). Fossil discoveries in Rodrigues and Mauritius, pp. 203-228. In: Gerlach, Justin (ed.). Western Indian Ocean Tortoises: Ecology, Diversity, Evolution, Conservation, Palaeontology. Manchester: Siri Scientific Books.

Kehlmaier, Christian et al. (2019). Ancient mitogenomics clarifies radiation of extinct Mascarene giant tortoises (Cylindraspis spp.). Scientific Reports 9: 17487.

Rijsdijk, Kenneth F. et al. (2009). Mid-Holocene vertebrate bone Concentration-Lagerstätte on oceanic island Mauritius provides a window into the ecosystem of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus). Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 14-24.

Stoddart, D. R. (1979). Historical records of Indian Ocean giant tortoise populations. Philo-sophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 286B: 147-158.

Turtle Extinctions Working Group et al. (2015). Turtles and Tortoises of the World During the Rise and Global Spread of Humanity: First Checklist and Review of Extinct Pleistocene and Holocene Chelonians. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 1-66.

van der Sluis, L. G. et al. (In Press, 2014). Combining histology, stable isotope analysis and ZooMS collagen fingerprinting to investigate the taphonomic history and dietary behaviour of extinct giant tortoises from the Mare aux Songes deposit on Mauritius. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. [Abstract]

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Cylindraspis inepta. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 20 July 2013.

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/10123/cylindraspis-inepta-mauritius-giant-tortoise

 

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