Aldabrachelys abrupta Grandidier, 1868

Madagascan giant tortoise, Madagascar giant tortoise

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Testudo abrupta Grandidier, 1868; Geochelone abrupta Pritchard, 1967; Asterochelys (?) abrupta Bour, 1980; Dipsochelys abrupta Bour, 1982; Dipsochelys abrupta Grandidier, 1868

 

Conservation Status

Last record: c. 1200 AD

 

A report of a tortoise from Madagascar during the 1940's could conceivably refer to this species (Decary, 1950).

 

Distribution

Madagascar

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

A single skull is known. Other material may be extant, however.

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Grandidier, A. 1868. Sur les découvertes zoologiques faites récemment à Madagascar. Ann. Sc. Nat. Zool. Paris 10: 375-378.

 

Other references:

Andriantsaralaza, S., Pedrono, M., Tassin, J., Roger, E., Rakouth, B. and Danthu, P. (2013). The role of extinct giant tortoises in the germination of extant baobab Adansonia rubrostipa seeds in Madagascar. African Journal of Ecology. [Abstract]

Arnold, E. N. 1979. Indian Ocean giant tortoises: their systematics and island adaptations. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 286: 127145.

Auffenberg, W. (1974). Checklist of fossil tortoises (Testudinidae). Bull. Florida State Mus. 18: 121251.

Bour, R. (1984). Les tortues terrestres géantes des iles de l’Ocean Indien Occidental: données géographiques, taxinomiques et phylogénétiques. Studia Geologica Salmanticensia Vol. Especial 1 (Studia Palaeocheloniologica 1):17-76.

Burleigh, R. and Arnold, E. N. (1986). Age and Dietary Differences of Recently Extinct Indian Ocean Tortoises (Geochelone s. lat.) Revealed by Carbon Isotope Analysis. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 227(1246): 137-144. [Abstract]

Burleigh, R. et al. (1982). British Museum natural radiocarbon measurements XIV. Radiocarbon 24(3): 229-261.

Decary, Raymond. (1950). La faune malgache, son rôle dans les croyances et les usages indigènes. Paris: Payot. [pp. 205-206]

Gerlach, Justin. (2008). Redescription of the Skull of the Extinct Madagascan Giant Tortoise, Dipsochelys abrupta. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7(2): 251-255.

Gerlach, Justin and Canning, K. L. (1998). Taxonomy of Indian Ocean tortoises (Dipsochelys). Chelonian Conservation and Biology 3: 3-19.

Mahé, J. and Sourdat, M. (1972). Sur l’extinction des Vertébrés subfos- siles et l’aridication du climat dans le Sud-Ouest de Madagascar. Description des gisements. Datations absolues. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France (7)14: 295-309.

Pedrono, M. (2008). The tortoises and turtles of Madagascar. Natural History Publications (Borneo).

Turtle Extinctions Working Group et al. (2015). Turtles and Tortoises of the World During the Rise and Global Spread of Humanity: First Checklist and Review of Extinct Pleistocene and Holocene Chelonians. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 1-66.

Uetz, P. et. al., The Reptile Database, https://www.reptile-database.org , accessed December 11, 2010.

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/10121/aldabrachelys-abrupta

 

<< Back to the Testudines (Tortoises and Turtles) database