Phalacrocorax carbo major Forbes, 1892:189



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonyms: Phalacrocorax novae-zealandiae var. major Forbes, 1892: Trans. Proc. N.Z. Inst. 24: 189 – no locality = Te Aute Swamp, Hawke’s Bay (fide Worthy 2000, Journ. Royal Soc. N.Z. 30: 10). Junior secondary homonym of Pelecanus major Ellman, 1861.; Phalacrocorax novaezealandiae major Forbes, 1892:189; Carbo major Forbes, 1892:189; Phalacrocorax major (Ellman); Rothschild 1905, Proc. IVth International Ornith. Congress: 195.


Conservation Status

Invalid (synonym of P. c. novaehollandiae) (Tennyson & Bartle, 2008:195)



New Zealand


Anatomy & Morphology



Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Forbes, H. O. (1892). Preliminary notice of additions to the extinct avifauna of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 24: 185-189.


Other references:

Checklist Committee (OSNZ). (2010). Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica (4th ed.). Ornithological Society of New Zealand & Te Papa Press, Wellington. [p. 144-145]

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp. [p. 367]

Rothschild, Lionel Walter Rothschild. (1907). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 88]

Tennyson, Alan J. D. and Bartle, J. A. (2008). Catalogue of type specimens of birds in the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Tuhinga 19: 185-207.

Worthy, Trevor H. (2000). Two late-Glacial avifaunas from eastern North Island - Te Aute and Wheturau Quarry. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 30(1): 1-26.


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