Tyto soumagnei (Milne Edwards, 1878)

Madagascar red owl, Red owl, Soumagne's owl, Madagascar grass owl



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Heliodilus Soumagnei Milne-Edwards, 1878


Conservation Status

Last record: early 1900's (specimen); 1973 (sighting)

Rediscovered in late July 1993

IUCN RedList status: Vulnerable





Biology & Ecology




Museums with specimens: BMNH, MHNP






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BirdLife International. 2016. Tyto soumagnei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22688493A93198777. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22688493A93198777.en. Downloaded on 14 February 2017.

Boyer T, Hume R (1991) Owls of the world. Dragons World.

Brandt T, Seebaß C (1994) Die Schleiereule. Aula.

Cardiff, S.G. and Goodman, S.M. 2008. Natural history of the red owl (Tyto soumagnei) in dry deciduous tropical forest in Madagascar. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(4): 891-897.

Collar, N. J.; Stuart, S. N. 1985. Threatened birds of Africa and related islands: the ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book. International Council for Bird Preservation, and International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

del Hoyo J, Elliott A, Sargatal J (1999) Handbook of the birds of the world, 5. Lynx Ed., Barcelona.

Du Puy, D. J.; Moat, J. 1996. A refined classification of the primary vegetation of Madagascar based on the underlying geology: using GIS to map its distribution and to assess its conservation status. In: Lourenço, W.R. (ed.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on the biogeography of Madagascar, pp. 205-218. ORSTOM, Paris.

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Eck S, Busse H (1973) Eulen. NBB, Wittenberg.

Goodman, S. M.; Thorstrom, R. 1998. The diet of the Madagascar Red Owl (Tyto soumagnei) on the Masoala Peninsula, Madagascar. Wilson Bulletin 110: 417-421.

Halleux, Dominique and Goodman, Steven M. (1994). The rediscovery of the Madagascar Red Owl [i]Tyto soumagnei[/i] (Grandidier 1878) in north-eastern Madagascar. Bird Conservation International 4(4): 305-311. [Abstract]

Harper, G. J.; Steininger, M. C.; Tucker, C. J.; Juhn, D.; Hawkins, F. 2007. Fifty years of deforestation and forest fragmentation in Madagascar. Environmental Conservation 34(4): 1-9.

Irwin, M.T. and Samonds, K.E. 2002. Range extension of the Madagascar red owl Tyto soumagnei in Madagascar: the case of a rare, widespread species? Ibis 144(4): 680-683.

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Thorstrom R, et al. (1995) Var Fagelvarld. p 95

Thorstrom, R.; de Roland, L. A. R. 1997. First nest record and nesting behaviour of the Madagascar Red Owl Tyto soumagnei. Ostrich 68: 42-43.

Thorstrom, R.; Hart, J.; Watson, R. T. 1997. New record, ranging behaviour, vocalization and food of the Madagascar Red Owl Tyto soumagnei. Ibis 139: 477-481.

van Esbroeck, J. 2006. Madagascar Red Owl Tyto soumagnei in Ankarana Special Reserve, Madagascar. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 13(2): 205-206.

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Weick, Friedhelm. (2006). Owls (Strigiformes): Annotated and Illustrated Checklist. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

ZICOMA. 1999. Zones d'Importance pour la Conservation des Oiseaux a Madagascar.



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