Phodilus prigoginei Schouteden, 1952

African bay owl, Congo bay-owl, Congo bay owl, Congo bay-owl, Itombwe owl



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Tyto prigoginei (Schouteden, 1952)


Conservation Status

Last record: 1951

Rediscovered in 1 May 1996 (Butynski et al., 1997)

IUCN RedList status: Endangered



Itombwe Mountains, Democratic Republic of Congo


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Schouteden, Henri. (1952). Un strigide nouveau d'Afrique noire: Phodilus prigoginei nov. sp. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaine 46: 423-428. (in French)


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Phodilus prigoginei. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 10 July 2012.

Butchart, S. (2007). Birds to find: a review of ‘lost’, obscure and poorly known African bird species. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 14:2.

T. Butynski in 1998 SCRO Mag. 2: 23.

Butynski JM, Arenonga U, Ndera B, Hart JF. (1996). The world rarest owl. Owls Mag Winter NY: 2-4. (incl. front- and backcover)

Butynski, T. M., Agenonga, U., Ndera, B. and Hart, J. F. (1997). Rediscovery of the Congo Bay (Itombwe) Owl Phodilus prigoginei. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 4(1): 32-35.

del Hoyo J, Elliott A, Sargatal J (1999) Handbook of the birds of the world, 5. Lynx Ed., Barcelona.

Fry CN, Keith S, Urban EK (1988) The birds of Africa, 3. Academic Press

König, Claus; Weick, Friedhelm; Becking, Jan-Hendrick (1999). Owls A Guide to the Owls of the World. Pica Press. pp. 207–208.

Omari, I., Hart, J. A., Butynski, T. M., Birnashirwa, N. R., Upoki, A., M'Keyo, Y., Bengana, F., Bashonga, M. and Baguruburnwe, N. (1999). The Itombwe Massif, Democratic Republic of Congo: biological surveys and conservation, with an emphasis on Grauer's gorilla and birds endemic to the Albertine Rift. Oryx 33: 301-322.

Plumptre, A. J., Amsini, F., Kujirakwinja, D., Hart, J., Nyembo, B., Vyahavwa, C., Bujo, F., Masanga, A., Matunguru, J., Mwinyihali, R. and Tshombe R. (2008) Itombwe Massif Conservation Project: Delimitation and zoning of the Itombwe Natural Reserve for protection of great apes. Final Report for USFWS Project.

Prigogine A (1973) Le statut de Phodilus prigoginei Schouteden. Gerfaut 63:177–185.

Steinberg R (1998b) SCRO Mag 1998(2):22, 28–31.

Weick F (2003–2005) Neue and wiederentdeckte Eulen der zurückliegenden 15 Jahre. Gefiederte Welt 2003–2005, Fortsetzungen. Ulmer.

Weick, Friedhelm. (2006). Owls (Strigiformes): Annotated and Illustrated Checklist. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.


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