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Solanum bauerianum Endl. (1833:54)

Bridal flower

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

 

 

Conservation Status

Missing (Silcock et al., 2019:SM:10 [as 'Probably extinct']) or Extinct (Wilson, 1994:300 [as 'presumed extinct']; Humphreys et al., 2019; Albani Rocchetti et al., 2022; POWO, 2023)

Last record: 1830 (Norfolk Island) (Wilson, 1994:300); 1830 (Phillip Island) (Silcock et al., 2019:SM:10); 1937 (Pickard, 1983; Silcock et al., 2019:SM:10, 2020:7, 2021:7) (wild); February 1949 (Wilson, 1994:300) (cultivation); 1949 (Lord Howe Island) (DECC NSW, 2007)

 

A survey in 2001 or 2002 on Lord Howe Island did not record this species (DECC NSW, 2007). This species has been identified as one of the 50 best candidates for de-extinction, ranking 6/50 (Albani Rocchetti et al., 2022).

 

Distribution & Habitat

Lord Howe Island & Norfolk Island group (Norfolk and Rabbit Islands), Australia

 

"Sandy coastal soil"

(Silcock et al., 2019:SM:10)

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Albani Rocchetti, Giulia, Carta, Angelino, Mondoni, Andrea, Godefroid, Sandrine, Davis, Charles C., Caneva, Giulia, Albrecht, Matthew A., Alvarado, Karla, Bijmoer, Roxali, Borosova, Renata, Bräuchler, Christian, Breman, Elinor, Briggs, Marie, Buord, Stephane, Cave, Lynette H., Da Silva, Nílber Gonçalves, Davey, Alexandra H., Davies, Rachael M., Dickie, John B., Fabillo, Melodina, Fleischmann, Andreas, Franks, Andrew, Hall, Geoffrey, Kantvilas, Gintaras, Klak, Cornelia, Liu, Udayangani, Medina, Leopoldo, Reinhammar, Lars Gunnar, Sebola, Ramagwai J., Schönberger, Ines, Sweeney, Patrick, Voglmayr, Hermann, White, Adam, Wieringa, Jan J., Zippel, Elke Zippel and Abeli, Thomas. (2022). Selecting the best candidates for resurrecting extinct-in-the-wild plants from herbaria. Nature Plants 8: 1385-1393. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-022-01296-7 [Supplementary Tables S1-S6]

Auld, T. D. and Hutton, I. (2004). Conservation issues for the vascular flora of the Lord Howe Island. Cunninghamia 8(4): 490-500.

Christenhusz, M. and Govaerts, R. (2023). Uitgestorven. Op plantenjacht rond de wereld: 1-511. Sterck & De Vreese.

Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW). (2007). Lord Howe Island Biodiversity Management Plan Appendices. Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW), Sydney. vii + 267 pp.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0906-2 [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Hutton, Ian. (2001). Rare plant surveys of Lord Howe Island. Report prepared for the NSW Scientific Committee, Hurstville.

Hutton, Ian. (2005). 'Rare plants survey 2 - Lord Howe Island'. Report to Department of Environment and Conservation NSW.

Mabberley, David J. (2021). The “London” Australian natural history drawings of Ferdinand Bauer (1760-1826) - revisited. Flora Mediterranea 31: 67-94.

Mabberley, David J., Pignatti‐Wikus, Erika and Riedl‐Dorn, Christa. (2007). An extinct tree 'revived'. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 24(3): 190-195. [Abstract]

Mills, K. (2009). The Vegetation of Phillip Island, Norfolk Island Group. Envirofund, Norfolk Island, Australia.

Pickard, J. (1983). Rare or threatened vascular plants of Lord Howe Island. Biological Conservation 27: 125-139.

Pickard, J. (1984). Exotic plants on Lord Howe Island: distribution in space and time, 1853-1981. Journal of Biogeography 11, 181-208.

POWO. (2023). Solanum bauerianum Endl. Plants of the World Online (online resource). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom. Available at: https://powo.science.kew.org/ [Accessed 8 December 2023]

Silcock, Jen L., Field, Ashley R., Walsh, Neville G. and Fensham, Roderick J. (2019). To name those lost: assessing extinction likelihood in the Australian vascular flora. Oryx 54(2): 167-177. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605318001357 [Supplementary Material]

Silcock, Jen L., Collingwood, Teghan, Llorens, Tanya and Fensham, Rod. (2020). Action Plan for Australia's Imperilled Plants 2020. Brisbane: NESP Threatened Species Recovery Hub. 339 pp.

Silcock, Jen L., Collingwood, Teghan, Llorens, Tanya and Fensham, Rod. (2021). Action Plan for Australia's Imperilled Plants 2021. Brisbane: NESP Threatened Species Recovery Hub. 342 pp.

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.

W.C.M.C. (1996). Threatened plant database of the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. W.C.M.C., Cambridge, U.K.

Wilson, Annette J. G. (ed.). (1994). Flora of Australia Volume 49, Oceanic Islands 1. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. xxiii + 681 pp. [pp. 10,21,300-301]

Woinarski, John C. Z., Braby, M. F., Burbidge, A. A., Coates, D., Garnett, S. T., Fensham, R. J., Legge, S. M., McKenzie, N. L., Silcock, J L. and Murphy, B. P. (2019). Reading the black book: The number, timing, distribution and causes of listed extinctions in Australia. Biological Conservation 239: 108261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.108261

http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/determinations/solanumbauerianumFD.htm

https://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/topics/animals-and-plants/threatened-species/nsw-threatened-species-scientific-committee/determinations/final-determinations/2008-2010/solanum-bauerianum-species-presumed-extinct-listing

 

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